Welcoming you for any type of article submission for the upcoming issue on/before January 17, 2023.

EC Microbiology

EC Microbiology (ECMI) is a multidisciplinary and internationally peer-reviewed journal that covers significant advancements in the field of microbiology encompassing bacteria, viruses, archaea and all the other microbes. The journal is also concerned with publishing articles on the most outstanding worldwide research in the spectrum of microbiology. The journal also covers various themes of microbiology including biochemical, molecular genetics, physiological and also physical investigations into microbial cells and their interactions with their environments, including their eukaryotic hosts. The journal also focuses on medical microbiology, immunology, ecology and systematic, including description of novel taxa. The journal covers all aspects of microbial cells that include prokaryotes, eukaryotes and various viruses, along with the fields of general, medical and applied microbiology and virology. The journal aims to provide cutting-edge information on exciting trends emerging in the light of advances in molecular and clinical microbiology.

Aim and scope

The field of microbiology is ever expanding and diversifying with a wide scope with respect to the subjects of microbiology. Microbiology is at present, one of the fastest moving disciplines in life sciences and also there are several novel technological advancements with the recent research going on. The journal covers all the significant areas of microbiology with a goal to disseminate valuable knowledge regarding microbiological research.

Major subject areas of interest in microbiology include, but are not restricted to the following fields :

Cell biology, Immunology, Genetics and evolution, Virology, Bacteriology, Protozoology and Mycology, Genomics, Host immune responses, Cell cycle and differentiation, Environmental microbiology, Antibiotic resistance and production, aspects of prion diseases and of fungal and protozoan biology, Characterisation and evolution of virulence determinants, Symbiosis in plant and animal associations, Analytical microbiology, Biochemical microbiology, Clinical microbiology, Geomicrobiology, High throughput sequencing, Infectious diseases, Medical microbiology, Microbial diversity, Microbial ecology, Microbial genetics, Microbial pathogenesis, Microbial physiology, Parasitology, Plant-microbe interactions, Microbial proteomics, Radioisotopes as applied to microbiology, Pharmaceutical microbiology, Microbial engineering, Microbial biotechnology, Forest microbiology, Marine and aquatic microbiology, Food microbiology, Industrial microbiology, Medical microbiology, Methods including quantitative models and Bioinformatics in microbiology, Microbiology education, Bioremediation. The journal aspires to cover all the microbiology related aspects.

EC Microbiology welcomes you to submit your valuable and original work towards the journal at microbiology@ecronicon.uk

Latest Articles


  • Use of Microorganisms as Catalyst- Bioelectrochemical Devicesk
  • Christine Bodell and Mahnaz Mazaheri Assadi. 18(9): 01-05.


  • A Global Effort to Understand the Recent Monkeypox Outbreak
  • Zhou Zhong. 18(8): 53.

    Research Article

  • Risk Factors and Sero-Prevalence of HBV Infection among Crime Preventing Federal Police in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Tekilu Israel, Temesgen Tantu and Admasu Haile. 18(8): 54-64.

    Literature Review

  • The Impact of Complication of COVID-19 - Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis
  • Ahmad Aliyu. 18(8): 65-76.

    Literature Review

  • Microbiology and Clinical Implications of Dental Caries: A Literature Review
  • Prasanta Majumder, Shyamalendu Laskar, Asha Shakti, Anam Khan and Sudipa Ghosh. 18(8): 77-80.

    Review Article

  • Overview of Thyroid Nodules and Cysts Management
  • Barkia Hassan Almowalad, Ali Ahmed Buhaliqah, Haidar Mohammed Alshamrani, Shatha Abdulraouf Yousef, Mohammed Ahmed Alghamdi, Hassan Taher Alnakhli, Asma Hussain Hamdi, Asma Hassan Jamaan, Norah Hamad Al Fataih, Abdullah Nabil Attar, Ola Mohammed Bafail, Saif Mutair Alhuzali and Rami Saleh M Sufyani. 18(8): 81-88.

    Review Article

  • Overview of Lymphadenopathy Causes and Diagnosis
  • Baraa Faiez Rajab, Doaa Izzeldin Elsheikh Abdalla, Mustafa Mohammed Fadlalla Mohammed, Abdulaziz Jaber Alamri, Abdullah Nabil Attar, Mohammed Ahmed Alghamdi, Tarik Abdulrahman Hobani, Mutaz Abdalhakam Abdalazez Taha, Khalid Abdulaziz Balbaid, Saleh Ghormallah Alghamdi, Emad Ahmed Ezzalddin, Lojein Faisal Ahmed Alnomari and Wid Ameer Nawab. 18(8): 89-97.

    Research Protocol

  • Anti-Viral Activity of Thymol against Influenza A Virus
  • Tanusri Nandi and Madhu Khanna. 18(8): 98-103.

    Review Article

  • Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of the Magical Medicinal Herb: Kalanchoe pinnata
  • Vipin Kumar Pandey, Prem Prakash Singh, Ramji Swarnkar and Alok Kumar Mahor. 18(8): 25-40.

    Review Article

  • Impact of Ethnicity and Diet on Host Gut Microbiota: A Review
  • Iram Liaqat. 18(8): 41-48.

    Mini Review

  • Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain: Significance, Risks, Control
  • Normanno Giovanni, Iannacci Antonio, Belluscio Donatella, Mercurio Valentina, Debernardis P Daniela and Ali Ashraf. 18(8): 49-52.

    Research Article

  • Neonatal Sepsis After Birth: Microbiological and Immunomodulatory Aspects
  • Sultan Saad Alyabis, Amro Yahya Alkahtani, Hamad Abdulaziz Alrabiah, Yazeed Mohammed Alrabiah, Abdullah Mohana Alyabes, Mohammed Muhanna Alyabis, Mohammed Saad Almotawa and Bander Saleh Alhakbani. 18(8): 01-07.

    Systematic Review

  • A Scoping Review: Efficacy of Medical-Grade Honey as an Alternative Therapy against Vulvovaginal Candidiasis
  • Ahmad Aliyu and Aminat Aliyu. 18(8): 08-24.


  • SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccination Affected Post-Acute-Sequelae Symptoms of COVID-19
  • Attapon Cheepsattayakorn, Ruangrong Cheepsattayakorn and Porntep Siriwanarangsun. 18(7): 52.

    Research Article

  • Metabolite Overproduction Potential of Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288C Explored Using its Genome-Scale Metabolic Model, iMM904
  • Bryan JH Sim, Kwok Ming Wong and Maurice HT Ling. 18(7): 46-51.

    Literature Review

  • Colorectal Cancer and Campylobacter rectus, C. showae and C. concisus
  • Caroline Herløv, Stine Sloth and Leif Percival Andersen. 18(7): 39-44.

    Short Communication

  • Protective or Promotive Role of Inflammation and Cancer
  • Shrihari TG. 18(7): 45.

    Research Article

  • Test for the Cholinesterase Activity in Diatoms Ulnaria ulna Cells
  • VV Roshchina. 18(7): 34-38.

    Research Article

  • Modified Methods for Quick and Safe Extraction of DNA from Microbiological Samples
  • OO Ajayi, A Adekanmbi, M Dianda and OE Fagade. 18(7): 13-20.

    Review Article

  • Challenges of COVID-19 Related Biomedical Waste Management
  • Min Bahadur Khadka. 18(7): 13-20.

    Mini Review

  • Microbial Metabolites: Next-Generation Bioherbicides
  • Kanak Bala. 18(7): 31-33.

    Research Article

  • Changes in the Levels of CD4+ T-Cell Count, 8-Hydroxy-2-Deoxyguanosine, Total Dopamine, Cortisol and Neopterin at Different Stages of HIV1-Infection
  • Moses Akiibinu, Fola Tayo, John Maduabuchi, Titiloye Oyewumi, Timothy Olagunju and Bunmi Kotun. 18(7): 01-12.

    Research Article

  • Probiotic Capability of Bacillus spp. Isolated from Iru - Fermented African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa)
  • Afolake Olanbiwoninu, Esho Deborah, Osinupebi, Ayooluwa, Theresa Awotundun and Samuel Fasiku. 18(6): 18-30.

    Research Article

  • Prevalence of Contamination of Fresh Vegetables Consumed at The Vegetable Markets in Khartoum locality, Sudan
  • Abrar A Haron, Eman M Abakar, Hamda A Hamid, Marwa S Abdelrhman, Omnia E Abdallah, Yagoub H Mahmoud, Sababil S Ali, Yousof S Yousof and Elsadig A Hag. 18(6): 61-68.


  • Novel Challenges in Disease Managements by Bacterial-Free Extracts with Benefits to the Host but without the Risk of Side Effects
  • Maria Luigia Pallotta. 18(6): 01-02.

    Research Article

  • Effects of Lactobacillis, Formic Acid, Sucrose, and Cellulase on Oat Silage Quality
  • Yang Yungui, Shen Qiwen, Li Ning, Jin Chaoge, Li Yafei, Li Wei, Guo Ting and David B Hannaway. 18(6): 03-09.

    Research Article

  • Galactooligosaccharides Production by Transgalactosylation of Lactose using Yeast β-Galactosidases Isolated from Milk Kefir Grains
  • Camargo Vânia Eliza, Ishimoto Caroline Kie, Araújo Ticiana Vasques, Nurmberguer Jussimara Monteiro, Ayub Marco Antonio Zachia and Esposito Elisa. 18(6): 10-22.

    Research Article

  • Antibiotic Susceptibility of Enterobacterales and Cocci Uropathogens in Patients Attending Regional Hospital of Dedougou, Western Region (Burkina Faso)
  • René Dembélé, Roger Sanou, Oumar Traoré, Nafissatou Ouédraogo, Hiliassa Coulibaly, Alix Bénédicte Kagambega, Alassane Halawen Mohamed, Frédéric François Bado, Wendpoulomdé AD Kaboré, Dramane Sanou, Georgette Djiguemde-Nikiéma, Issiaka Soulama, Alfred S Traoré and Nicolas Barro. 18(6): 23-32.

    PubMed Indexed Article

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

    PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6536005

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

    PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6764777

    EC Neurology
    Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

    PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5065347

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

    PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6711478

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

    PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6133253

    EC Psychology and Psychiatry
    Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

    PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6226033

    EC Anaesthesia
    Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

    PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6155992

    EC Orthopaedics
    Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

    PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6124505

    EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
    Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

    PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6169793

    EC Dental Science
    Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

    PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5743211

    EC Microbiology
    Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

    PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5999047

    EC Microbiology
    Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

    PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC4774560

    EC Microbiology
    The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

    PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC4933318

    EC Microbiology
    Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

    PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5450819

    EC Microbiology
    A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

    PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC4533840

    EC Neurology
    Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

    PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5214344

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

    PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5604476

    EC Neurology
    Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

    PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5510658

    EC Neurology
    Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

    PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5267489

    EC Ophthalmology
    OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

    PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5766278

    EC Neurology
    Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

    PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6483108

    EC Microbiology
    Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

    PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6448571

    EC Nutrition
    Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

    PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6086333

    EC Ophthalmology
    REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

    PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6508883

    EC Gynaecology
    Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

    PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6513001

    EC Dental Science
    Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

    PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6758937

    EC Microbiology
    Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

    PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6824723

    EC Microbiology
    Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

    PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6824726

    EC Neurology
    Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

    PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6746603

    EC Psychology and Psychiatry
    Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

    PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6604646

    EC Anaesthesia
    Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

    PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6690616

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

    PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6741290

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

    PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6800226

    EC Neurology
    Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

    PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC5898812

    EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

    PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

    PMCID: PMC6133268

    News and Events

    January Issue Release

    We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

    Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

    ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before February 14, 2023.

    Certificate of Publication

    ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

    Best Article of the Issue

    Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

    Certifying for Review

    ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

    Latest Articles

    The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.