Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 2 - 2020
Risk Factors Assessment and Detection of Japanese Encephalitis Circulating Antibodies in Pig, Duck, and Human of Chitwan District, Nepal
Dhurba DC1*, Ranjana Ranabhat2 and Swoyam Prakash Shrestha3
1Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur Campus, Nepal
2Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal
3Animal Health Research Division, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Nepal
*Corresponding Author: Dhurba DC, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur Campus, Chitwan, Nepal.
Received: October 21, 2019; Published: January 11, 2020


A cross- sectional study was carried out from November 2015 to April 2016 in Chitwan district of Nepal. A set of questionnaire was developed, pre-tested in Chitwan district and then survey was carried out. A total of 99 pig blood samples, 102 duck blood sample and 100 human blood samples were collected. JE circulating antibodies IgG in pig and duck and IgM in human were detected from JEV ELISA kit. The data were collected, coded, computed and analyzed by Epi Info 7 and MS- EXCEL 2013. Chi- square and Fisher extract test was used to find out the association of risk factors. The study showed that 8.08% (8/99) of pig serum samples and 5.88% (6/102) of duck serum samples were positive to JE circulating IgG antibodies. In case of human, out of 100 serum samples 100% (100/100) were negative for JE circulating IgM antibodies. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the sero- positivity of JE circulating antibodies in pig and duck according to age, sex, breed, proximity of pig/duck farm to rice/paddy field, water sources and exposure to wild birds. Mosquito avoiding practices were significantly associated with occurrence of JE (χ2 = 9. 95; p < 0.05).

Keywords: Japanese Encephalitis; Antibodies; Risk Factors; Chitwan


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Citation: Dhurba DC., et al. “Risk Factors Assessment and Detection of Japanese Encephalitis Circulating Antibodies in Pig, Duck, and Human of Chitwan District, Nepal”. EC Nutrition 5.2 (2020): 01-07.

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