Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 1 - 2020
Fasciolosis in Cows in Espírito Santo, Brazil, and its Association with Risk Factors, Mastitis and Liver Enzymes
Áquila Flávia da Rocha Braga, Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins*, Aline Nunes Simões, Marcos Vinicius Gonçalves Viana, Graziela Barioni and Dirlei Molinari Donatele
Veterinary Medicine Department, Universidade Federal of Espírito Santo, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: : Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins, Veterinary Medicine Department, Universidade Federal of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Received: : November 25, 2019; Published: December 09, 2019




Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of fasciolosis in cows in southern Espírito Santo, Brazil and its association with risk factors, mastitis and liver enzymes. Samples of faeces and blood of 928 dairy cattle from 72 properties of the municipalities of Caparaó region were collected. A questionnaire on risk factors was applied to property managers. Samples were processed by fecal technique of spontaneous fecal sedimentation for Fasciola hepatica eggs and biochemical analyzes for the detection of liver enzymes. Mastitis tests and clinical evaluations were performed to verify the presence of mastitis. Data were stored in spreadsheets and analyzed by descriptive statistics and chi-square test, with a significance level of 5%. From the total of 928 samples collected, 51 presented positive for eggs of F. hepatica, resulting in a frequency of 5.49%. The only variable related to the questionnaire to present a significant association (p = 0.00104) was the permanence of the animals with flooded areas. Regarding the association with other diseases, no relation (p = 0.1667) was found between the presence of F. hepatica and positive animals for mastitis. When hepatic enzyme alterations were studied, a significant association (p = 0.0125) was observed between animals infected with F. hepatica and animals with increased concentration of GGT hepatic enzyme in the serum. It was concluded that the fasciolosis is present in the studied region, and that the contact of the animals with flooded areas was the most relevant variable as a factor associated with fasciolosis. In addition, it was also possible to verify hepatic enzyme alterations in the animals infected with F. hepatica.

Keywords: Cattle; Fasciola hepatica; Frequency

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Citation: Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins., et al. “Fasciolosis in Cows in Espírito Santo, Brazil, and its Association with Risk Factors, Mastitis and Liver Enzymes”. EC Veterinary Science 5.1 (2020): 01-05.

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