Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 1 - 2020
Effect of Chronic/High Iodine Intake on Thyroid Function and Fertility
Muhammad Fakhar-I-Adil1, Anas Sarwar Qureshi1*, Farrah Deeba2, Khizar Hayat3, Muhammad Usman1, Zohaib Saleem4 and Adeel Sarfraz5
1Department of Anatomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
4Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
4University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Anas Sarwar Qureshi, Department of Anatomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Received: November 20, 2019; Published: December 17, 2019




Abstract

Micronutrients play a pivotal role in the human body. Their deficiencies and toxicities lead to many life-threatening diseases. Among them, iodine deficiency was one of the situations prevailing globally since decades. Its causes thyroid diseases and disturb fertility. To overcome this deficiency a Universal Iodization program was established in 2004. This prolonged unchecked iodized salt utilization beyond limits not only correct the deficiency but also created problems such as hypo/hyperthyroidism, thyroid autoimmunity and compromised fertility. Epidemiological studies show a huge number of fertility issues globally and uncheck iodized salt utilization may be one of the factors having a contribution in it. This slow-progressing pattern remained unchecked and needs to be addressed to ensure the provision of safe dietary iodine level. This review provides a link between high iodine intake and its effect on thyroid and fertility.

Keywords: Iodized Salt; Infertility; Hypothyroidism; Hyperthyroidism; Thyroid-Autoimmunity

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Citation: Anas Sarwar Qureshi., et al. “Effect of Chronic/High Iodine Intake on Thyroid Function and Fertility”. EC Nutrition 5.1 (2020): 01-09.

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