Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 9 - 2022
Molecular Detection of Vector-Borne Pathogens in Apparently Healthy Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Jos Plateau State, Nigeria
Joshua Kamani1*, Rebecca Paul Weka2, Henry Ekene Nnabuife1, Gwamna Emmanuel Msheliza1, Falmata Bwala Haruna1 and Arin Rebecca Yakubu1
1Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), PMB 01 Vom, Plateau State Nigeria
2Veterinary Extension Services Division, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), PMB 01 Vom, Plateau State Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Joshua Kamani, Parasitology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), PMB 01 Vom, Plateau State Nigeria.
Received: July 27, 2022; Published: August 25, 2022




Abstract

Dogs are recognized host and reservoir of pathogens of veterinary and public health significance. To elucidate the role of dogs in the epidemiology of some vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in Nigeria, 204 blood samples obtained from apparently heathy dogs were screened for the presence of piroplasmids, filarioids, Bartonella spp. and Trypanosoma spp. using conventional PCR. Four VBPs; Hepatozoon canis, Babesia rossi, Acanthocheilonema reconditum and Theileria spp. were detected in the study population with an overall prevalence of (23.0%). Single and mixed infections were recorded in 27 (13.2%) and 20 (9.8%) samples, respectively. The Nigerian local breed of dogs was significantly (ꭓ2 = 6.14, p = 0.01; OR = 8.3, p = 0.01) at risk of VBPs infection than the exotic breeds. Male dogs were 1.6 times at risk of infection with VBPs than females, just as dogs less than one year of age were twice at risk of infection than dogs older than one year, although the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). None of the samples was positive for the DNA of Bartonella spp. or Trypanosoma spp. The detection of the DNA of four VBPs of veterinary importance in apparently healthy dogs has implication for the control of VBPs in Nigeria. The findings from this study suggest that dogs in the study area may serve as reservoirs of VBPs and constitute risk of infection to animals and man.

Keywords: Dog; Vector-Borne Pathogens; PCR; Public Health; Epidemiology; Nigeria

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Citation: Joshua Kamani., et al. “Molecular Detection of Vector-Borne Pathogens in Apparently Healthy Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Jos Plateau State, Nigeria”. EC Veterinary Science 7.9 (2022): 24-31.

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