Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 9 - 2022
The Potential of Acacia polyacantha Leaf Meal and Adansonia digitata Seedcake for Small Ruminant Feeding in Arid and Semi-Arid Parts of Malawi
Frank Chilanga1,2, Fanny Chigwa1, Richard Phoya1 and Maxwell Chiphwanya1*
1Department of Animal Science, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lilongwe, Malawi
2One Health Institute, 1089 Veterinary Medicine Dr., School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, United States
*Corresponding Author: Maxwell Chiphwanya, Department of Animal Science, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lilongwe, Malawi.
Received: June 15, 2022; Published: August 18, 2022




Abstract

The potential of Acacia polyacantha and Adansonia digitata for small ruminant feeding was evaluated through nutrient analysis, in vitro gas production and determination of organic matter digestibility, metabolizable energy, short chain fatty acids and methane production. Adansonia digitata seedcake and Acacia polyacantha leaves were analyzed along with Glycine max meal and Chloris gayana hay, which were common feed supplements to grazing goats at Bunda farm. Results from the study revealed that Acacia polyacantha leaf meal (212.3 g/kg DM) had higher CP than Chloris gayana hay (74.0 g/kg DM) but less than that of Adansonia digitata seedcake (310.5g/kg DM) which was lower than that of Glycine max (397.5 g/kg DM) (P < 0.05). Gas production (24 hours), OMD, ME and SCFA was similarly higher in Adansonia digitata and Glycine max. Least methane production was observed in Acacia polyacantha. It was concluded from the study that Adansonia digitata can be utilized for small ruminant production in arid and semi-arid parts of Malawi and that incorporation of right amounts of Acacia polyacantha in small ruminant diets could reduce enteric methane production and improve small ruminant productivity.

Keywords: Dry Season; In Vitro Gas Production; Methane; Non-Conventional Protein Sources

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Citation: Chilanga., et al. “The Potential of Acacia polyacantha Leaf Meal and Adansonia digitata Seedcake for Small Ruminant Feeding in Arid and Semi-Arid Parts of Malawi”. EC Veterinary Science 7.9 (2022): 04-11.

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