Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 7 - 2022
Effects of Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) Ration Supplementation on Growth Parameters in Guinea Pigs

Nkana Kontchiachou J Gwladys1*, Kouamo Justin2, Vemo Bertin Narcisse3, Mweugang Ngouopo Nathalie4, Wang-baa Temoa Christophe1, Awantu christian1, Semi Yam Alphonsius1, Kenne Christèle5 and Tendonkeng Fernand5

1Agronomic Research Institute for Development (IRAD), Mankon, Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon

2School of Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

3Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon

4Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

5Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

*Corresponding Author: Nkana Kontchiachou J Gwladys, Agronomic Research Institute for Development (IRAD), Mankon, Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon.
Received: June 02, 2022; Published: June 29, 2022




Abstract

Because of the antibiotics growth promoters restriction in livestock farming, there is a growing interest in plant feed additives. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of supplementing cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) powder on growth parameters in guinea pigs. For this purpose, 60 adult female guinea pigs, with an average weight of 450 ± 50g were randomly allocated to three experimental groups (20 females per group). Experimental diets consisted of incorporating clove powder in the control ration at 0.5% (CG0.5) and 0.75% (CG0.75) of feed. These female guinea pigs were given experimental diets, from mating to weaning at 3 weeks after parturition. Their weaned piglets too received the respective experimental diets, from weaning to 8 weeks post-partum. The feed intake of reproductive females and piglets, the live weight, weight gain, carcass yield and relative weights of liver, kidney and spleen were evaluated as growth parameters. Results showed that the ingestion of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein and crude fibres of reproductive female guinea pigs were significantly (p < 0.05) higher with the inclusion of Syzygium aromaticum powder at 0.75% when compared to the control group. The ingested dry matter, organic matter, crude fibres and minerals of young guinea pigs were not significantly (p > 0.05) affected by this spice, but the crude protein intake decreased significantly (p < 0.05) with the inclusion of Syzygium aromaticum powder. The dietary treatments had no significant effect (p > 0.05) on the carcass yield, relative weights of the liver, kidney and spleen of piglets, referring to the control diet. In conclusion, Syzygium aromaticum powder can be used up to 0.75% in reproductive female guinea pigs and 0.5% in piglets as feed supplement without any adverse effects on the growth parameters.

 

Keywords: Animal Feed; Growth Parameters; Guinea Pigs; Supplementation; Syzygium aromaticum

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Citation: Nkana Kontchiachou J Gwladys., et al. “Effects of Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) Ration Supplementation on Growth Parameters in Guinea Pigs”. EC Veterinary Science 7.7 (2022): 03-14.

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