Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 4 - 2022
Source of Selenium and its Effect on Gestation and Response in Leucocytes, in Adult Sheep at the Time of Anestrus
Leonor Miranda Jiménez1, Edith Ramírez Segura1, Adrián Raymundo Quero Carrillo1* and Nazario Pescador Salas2
1Postgraduate College-Montecillo Campus, Mexico-Texcoco Federal Highway, Montecillo, Texcoco, Mexico
2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, UAEMex. El Cerrillo Piedras Blancas, Toluca, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: Adrián Raymundo Quero Carrillo, Postgraduate College-Montecillo Campus, Mexico-Texcoco Federal Highway, Montecillo, Texcoco, Mexico.
Received: February 21, 2022; Published: March 31, 2022




Abstract

Selenium acts at the reproductive and immune system level. The toxicity, bioavailability and action depend on the type of selenium given. It was evaluated if the source of selenium affects the percentage of pregnant sheep and leukocytes (immune cells of the white blood cell package). Twenty adult sheep randomly distributed in: control (T1), sodium selenite (T2), encapsulated yeast enriched with selenium (T3), and powdered yeast with selenium (T4) were used for five days before artificial insemination (AI), 300mg day-1 animal-1. Leukocytes were counted seven days before and up to 88 days after AI. A completely randomized design was used. For leukocyte data, a mixed model was used and, for gestation percentage, logistic regression. The powdered yeast with selenium (T4) presented 100% of pregnancies and sodium selenite only 40%; while, the control sheep and those with encapsulated yeast enriched with selenium, 80% (P < 0.05). The cells that appeared in greater number were lymphocytes and neutrophils. Lymphocytes increased after day 13, with a maximum number on day 20 (p < 0.05). In T2 the total number of lymphocytes decreased and that of monocytes increased. Basophils were increased at both T3 and T4. The selenium source is important in the presence of leukocytes and in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy.


Keywords: Immune Cells; Organic Selenium; Inorganic Selenium; Sodium Selenite; Gestational Immunity; Sheep

References

  1. Ruggeri RM., et al. “Selenium exerts protective effects against oxidative stress and cell damage in human thyrocytes and fibroblasts”. Endocrine 1 (2019): 151-162.
  2. Sharma RK and Agarwal A. “Role of reactive oxygen species in gynecologic diseases”. Reproductive Medicine and Biology 4 (2004): 177-199.
  3. Yue W., et al. “Effect of supplemental selenomethionine on growth performance and serum antioxidant status in taihang black goats”. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 3 (2009): 365-370.
  4. Guerin P., et al. “Oxidative stress and protection against reactive oxygen species in the pre-implantation embryo and its surroundings”. Human Reproduction Update 2 (2001): 175-189.
  5. Draca S. “Peroxidación lipídica en gestaciones con pre eclampsia y diabetes”. Autoimmune 35 (2002): 307-312.
  6. Ren ZH., et al. “Comparative iTRAQ proteomics reveals multiple effects of selenium yeast on dairy cows in parturition”. Human Reproduction Update 2 (2019): 464-474.
  7. Khatti A., et al. “Supplementation of vitamin E, selenium and increased energy allowance mitigates the transition stress and improves postpartum reproductive performance in the crossbred cow”. Theriogenology 104 (2017): 142-148.
  8. National Research Council. “Nutrient requirements of small ruminants: sheep, goats, cervids, and new world camelids”. Washington, DC, USA. National Academy Press (2007): 362.
  9. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA. Version 9 for Windows edition (2000).
  10. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA. Version 9.4 for Windows edition (2004).
  11. Pappas AC., et al. “Selenoproteins and maternal nutrition”. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 4 (2008): 361-372.
  12. García RR., et al. “Epigenética: definición, bases moleculares e implicaciones en la salud y en la evolución humana”. Revista Ciencias de la Salud 1 (2012): 59-71.
  13. Vázquez HSD., et al. “Desarrollo de folículos y cuerpo lúteo en cabras, como respuesta al suministro de Selenio”. Agro Productividad 2 (2017): 15-18.
  14. Mouatassim S., et al. “Expression of genes encoding antioxidant enzymes in human and mouse oocytes during the final stages of maturation”. Molecular Human Reproduction 8 (1999): 720-725.
  15. Dennery PA. “Role of redox in fetal development and neonatal diseases”. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 1 (2004): 147-53.
  16. Cabrera MJ., et al. “Tasa de concepción en ovejas tratadas con selenio orgánico”. Abanico Veterinario 9 (2019): e93.
  17. Plaza CA., et al. “Tasa de gestación en ovinos de pelo criollos en el departamento de Córdoba, Colombia, Unidad de Colombia”. Revista Colombiana De Ciencia Animal - RECIA 1 (2019): 1-9.
  18. Ramírez L. “Los leucocitos en mamíferos domésticos”. Mundo Pecuario 2 (2006): 37-39.
  19. Spencer TE and Bazer FW. “Conceptus signals for establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. review”. Animal Reproduction Science 82-83 (2004): 537-550.
  20. López VMM., et al. “Leucocitos en el desarrollo embrionario de ovejas como respuesta a selenio”. Abanico Veterinario 9 (2019): 1-10.
  21. Barrera D., et al. “Immunological role of progesterone in the maintenance of pregnancy”. Revista de Investigación Clínica 2 (2007): 139-145.
Citation: Leonor Miranda Jiménez., et al. “Source of Selenium and its Effect on Gestation and Response in Leucocytes, in Adult Sheep at the Time of Anestrus”. EC Veterinary Science 7.4 (2022): 41-47.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


July Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the July issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 15, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.