Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 12 - 2021
Fish Biodiversity of Daduria Beel, Faridpur, Bangladesh: A Case Study for Sustainable Beel Fisheries Management

ABM Arman Hossain1*, Gazi Muhammad Abdullah Mahdi1, Abul Kalam Azad1, Mohammad Shamsul Huda1, Sultan Mahmud Khan1 and Mohammad Amimul Ehsan2

1Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project- Additional Financing, DevConsultants Limited, Bangladesh
2Bangladesh Water Development Board, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: ABM Arman Hossain, Fisheries Development Specialist, Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project- Additional Financing, DevConsultants Limited, Bangladesh.
Received: October 29, 2021; Published: November 15, 2021




Abstract

A field investigation was conducted on Daduria beel in Faridpur, Bangladesh for a period of 1 year from January to December 2020, to assess fish biodiversity and related different aspects for making a major contribution to the development of a sustainable beel fisheries management policy. The Daduria beel is a semi-closed and hexagonal-shaped water body of 90.90 Ha spreading over the fourteen villages covering the two unions of Boalmari Upazila of Faridpur district. A total of 37 species (including 1 exotic species) were identified during the study. Of the 37 species, 36 were indigenous species belonging to 16 fish families, 11 different common groups and 26 fish genera; of which 18 were SIS and the remaining 18 were large fish. Cyprinidae constitutes the highest fish population representing 13 species and shares the highest percentage (36%) among the recorded family. Barbs and Minnows was found to be the biggest group (19%) among the recorded 11 common groups. According to IUCN conservation status of Bangladesh- 2015, the study revealed that (67%) of the species were of least concern followed by near threatened (14%), vulnerable (11%), and endangered (8%). Moreover, in Daduria Beel 7 fish species were recorded as threatened which is 16% of the total identified fishes and 10% of total threatened fishes of Bangladesh. Within 36 species, (39%) of fish species were classified as rare, followed by abundant (33%), moderate (17%) and low (11%). In particular, rare status has the highest proportion that might be at high risk of extinction in the near future. Therefore, the present study explores the scientific basis of fish biodiversity status which would be useful for policymakers to set priorities for sustainable beel management in Bangladesh. The study also suggests that prudent planning, management and regulatory practices, as well as active community engagement, can positively impact fish biodiversity.

Keywords: Beel Fisheries; Conservation; Fish Biodiversity; Sustainable Management and Daduria Beel

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Citation: ABM Arman Hossain., et al. “Fish Biodiversity of Daduria Beel, Faridpur, Bangladesh: A Case Study for Sustainable Beel Fisheries Management”. EC Veterinary Science 6.12 (2021): 14-27.

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