Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 3 - 2021
Effect of Palm Olein on Reproductive Parameters in Male Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)
Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep1*, Augustave Kenfack2, Bertin Narcisse Vemo2 and Patience Nain Tah2
1Department of Animal Production Technology, College of Technology, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
2Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Health, Department of Zootechnics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep, Department of Animal Production Technology, College of Technology, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon.
Received: January 16, 2021; Published: February 05, 2021


Palm olein is a clear, golden, yellow edible oil obtained from crude red palm oil after refining. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of palm olein on some reproductive parameters in male guinea pigs. 40 adult male guinea pigs weighing 323 ± 84.43g were randomly distributed into 4 groups of 10 animals each. For 75 days, the control group (T0) and the 3 other groups (T1, T2 and T3) were orally given 1ml of distilled water/kg of body weight (b.w), 1, 2 or 3 ml of palm olein/kg of b.w respectively. Results showed that the proportion of males which reacted in the presence of a female was insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in treated animals (100; 100 and 71.43% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control (T0) animals (66.67%). Also, the reaction time was not significantly (p > 0.05) higher in treated animals compared to T0. The relative weights of genital organs showed no significant difference (p ˃ 0.05) among treatments. The caudal epididymal sperm concentration was insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in the control group (92.18 ± 78.18 x 106) compared to the treated groups (73.50 ± 39.82 x 106; 61.26 ± 51.10 x 106 and 60.92 ± 73.84 x 106 respectively for T1, T2 and T3). Sperm mobility showed no significant increase (p > 0.05) in animals orally fed with palm olein (3.94 ± 0.73; 3.64 ± 0.69; 3.50 ± 0.91% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to control group (3.39 ± 0.55%). The percentage of normal spermatozoa was also insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in groups which received palm olein (82.38 ± 5.42; 82.57 ± 6.44 and 78.07 ± 11.65% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control group (75.17 ± 6.24%). Total serum cholesterol concentration showed no significant difference (p > 0.05) among treatments while an insignificant (p > 0.05) increase of testosterone concentration was obtained in animals who ingested palm olein (0.23 ± 0.11; 0.17 ± 0.04 and 0.23 ± 0.10 ng/ml respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control (0.16 ± 0.07 ng/ml). In sum, palm olein had some positive effects on the studied parameters.

Keywords: Palm Olein; Caudal Epididymal Sperm; Blood Testosterone; Libido; Guinea Pig


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Citation: Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep., et al. “Effect of Palm Olein on Reproductive Parameters in Male Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)”. EC Veterinary Science 6.3 (2021): 51-58.

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