Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 3 - 2021
Effect of Palm Olein on Reproductive Parameters in Male Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)
Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep1*, Augustave Kenfack2, Bertin Narcisse Vemo2 and Patience Nain Tah2
1Department of Animal Production Technology, College of Technology, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
2Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Health, Department of Zootechnics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep, Department of Animal Production Technology, College of Technology, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon.
Received: January 16, 2021; Published: February 05, 2021




Abstract

Palm olein is a clear, golden, yellow edible oil obtained from crude red palm oil after refining. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of palm olein on some reproductive parameters in male guinea pigs. 40 adult male guinea pigs weighing 323 ± 84.43g were randomly distributed into 4 groups of 10 animals each. For 75 days, the control group (T0) and the 3 other groups (T1, T2 and T3) were orally given 1ml of distilled water/kg of body weight (b.w), 1, 2 or 3 ml of palm olein/kg of b.w respectively. Results showed that the proportion of males which reacted in the presence of a female was insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in treated animals (100; 100 and 71.43% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control (T0) animals (66.67%). Also, the reaction time was not significantly (p > 0.05) higher in treated animals compared to T0. The relative weights of genital organs showed no significant difference (p ˃ 0.05) among treatments. The caudal epididymal sperm concentration was insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in the control group (92.18 ± 78.18 x 106) compared to the treated groups (73.50 ± 39.82 x 106; 61.26 ± 51.10 x 106 and 60.92 ± 73.84 x 106 respectively for T1, T2 and T3). Sperm mobility showed no significant increase (p > 0.05) in animals orally fed with palm olein (3.94 ± 0.73; 3.64 ± 0.69; 3.50 ± 0.91% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to control group (3.39 ± 0.55%). The percentage of normal spermatozoa was also insignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in groups which received palm olein (82.38 ± 5.42; 82.57 ± 6.44 and 78.07 ± 11.65% respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control group (75.17 ± 6.24%). Total serum cholesterol concentration showed no significant difference (p > 0.05) among treatments while an insignificant (p > 0.05) increase of testosterone concentration was obtained in animals who ingested palm olein (0.23 ± 0.11; 0.17 ± 0.04 and 0.23 ± 0.10 ng/ml respectively for T1, T2 and T3) compared to the control (0.16 ± 0.07 ng/ml). In sum, palm olein had some positive effects on the studied parameters.

Keywords: Palm Olein; Caudal Epididymal Sperm; Blood Testosterone; Libido; Guinea Pig

References

  1. Mukherjee S and Mitra A. “Health effects of palm oil”. Journal of Human Ecology3 (2009):197-203.
  2. Deepak N., et al. “Effect of Dietary Palm Olein Oil on Oxidative Stress Associated with Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury in Isolated Rat Heart”. BioMed Central Pharmacology29 (2004): 2210-2429.
  3. Pramod K Palm Oil. “A Nutritional Overview”. Agro-FOOD Industry Hi-Tech3 (2006): 21-23.
  4. Edem DO., et al. “Effect of red palm oil and refined palm olein on nutrients digestion in rats”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition5 (2003): 271-278.
  5. Choo YM and Nesaretnam K. “Research advancements in palm oil nutrition”. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology10 (2014): 1301-1315.
  6. Nada SN. “The Effect of Corn Oil on Sperm Parameters and Level of Some Hormones, Elements and Biochemical Parameters in Serum of White Male Rabbits”. Journal of Natural Science Research12 (2013): 133-144.
  7. Gurr MI., et al. “Lipid Biochemistry: An Introduction[M]”. 5th Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd (2002).
  8. Dauqan EMA., et al. “Natural antioxidants, lipid profile, lipid Peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes of different vegetable oils”. Advance Journal of Food and Science and Technology4 (2011): 308-316.
  9. Kamisah Y., et al. “Chronic intake of red palm olein and palm olein produce beneficial effects on plasma lipid profile in rats”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition2 (2005): 89-96.
  10. Baril G., et al. “Manuel de formation pour l’insémination artificielle chez les ovin et les caprins. Station de la physiologie et de la reproduction”. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomie (INRA) (1993).
  11. McAllan BM. “Effect of testosterone and cortisol administration on the reproductive tract of male Antechinus stuartii (Marsupialia)”. Journal of Reproduction Fertility2 (1998): 199-209.
  12. Mooradian AD., et al. “Biological actions of androgens”. Endocrinology Review 8 (1997): 1-28.
  13. Dacheux F et Dacheux JL. “L’épididyme et les glandes annexes”. In: La reproduction chez les mammifères et chez L’homme. Thibault C et Levasseur M.C. INRA édition, Nouvelle édition entièrement refondue (2001): 290-315.
  14. Dohle GR., et al. “Androgens and male fertility”. World Journal of Urology21 (2003): 341-345.
  15. Senger PL. “Pathway to pregnancy and parturition. 2nd revised edition”. Cadmus Professional Communication (2005): 44-79.
  16. Leping Ye., et al. “Inhibitors of Testosterone Biosynthetic and Metabolic Activation Enzymes”. Molecules 16 (2011): 9983-10001.
  17. Brown BW. “A review of nutritional influences on reproduction in boars, bulls and rams. Reproduction Nutrition Development”. EDP Sciences2 (1994): 89-114.
  18. Bester N. “Effect of different dietary energy levels on productive and Reproductive traits in Dorper rams. Thesis in Magister Scientiae Agriculture”. Published in University of the Free State Bloemfontein (2006): 175.
  19. Nolan CJ., et al. “Influence of dietary energy intake on prepubertal development of Brahman bulls”. Journal of Animal Science 68 (1990): 1087-1096.
  20. Abdallah BF., et al. “Effects of date seed oil on testicular antioxidant enzymes and epididymal sperm characteristics in male mice”. Andrologia 41 (2009): 229-234.
  21. Nawal KHA. “Protective Influence of Olive oil on Reproductive Parameters in Male Rats treated with Cadmium”. Global Journal of Bio-Sciences and Biotechnology4 (2013): 500-505.
  22. Saacke and Saacke. “Pathology to pregnancy and parturition”. Europa Journal of Medicine 36 (2005): 822-842.
  23. Sharpe RM., et al. “Testosterone and spermatogenesis: identification of stage dependent, androgen regulated proteins secreted by adult rat seminiferous tubules”. Journal of Andrology 13 (1992): 172-184.
  24. Papadomichelakis G., et al. “Effects Of Dietary Energy And Protein Content On Libido And Semen Characteristics Of Bucks”. 7th world rabbit Congress C (2000): 357-362.
  25. Elfiky SA., et al. “Protective effect of pumpkin seed oil against genotoxicity induced by Azathioprine”. Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology5 (2012): 289-298.
  26. Morakinyo AO., et al. “Effect of Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) on Sodium Arsenite-Induced Reproductive Toxicity in Male Rats”. African Journal of Biomedical Research 13 (2010): 39-45.
  27. Oluba OM., et al. “Comparative effect of soybean oil and palm oil on serum lipids and some serum enzymes in cholesterol-fed rats”. Europa Journal of Science Research 23 (2008): 559-566.
  28. Gouk SW., et al. “Long-chain SFA at the sn-1, 3 positions of TAG reduce body fat deposition in C57BL/6 mice”. British Journal of Nutrition 110 (2013): 1987-1995.
  29. Wang C., et al. “Transdermal testosterone gel improves sexual function, mood, muscle strength, and body composition in hypogonadal men”. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 85 (2000): 2839-2853.
  30. Neave N and O’Connor DB. “Testosterone and male behaviours”. The Psychologist 22 (2009): 28-31.
  31. Welle S., et al. “Failure of dehydroepiandrosterone to influence energy and protein metabolism in humans”. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism 71 (1990): 1259-1264.
Citation: Arthénice Jemima Nounamo Guiekep., et al. “Effect of Palm Olein on Reproductive Parameters in Male Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)”. EC Veterinary Science 6.3 (2021): 51-58.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 24, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk