Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 12 - 2020
COVID-19: Role of Animals in Transmission
Raúl González Salas1*, Lucía Fuentes Jiménez2, José Alfredo Guevara Franco3, María Belén Olivarez Yaguar1, Mildre Mercedes Vidal del Río1 and Osmaida Estrada Cutiño4
1Universidad Regional Autónoma de Los Andes, Ecuador
2Instituto Tecnológico Superior del Oriente del Estado de Hidalgo. (ITESA), México
3Department Animal Health, University Autónoma de Baja California Sur, México
4Department Veterinary Medicine, University of Granma, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Raúl González Salas, Universidad Regional Autónoma de Los Andes, Ecuador.
Received: October 12, 2020; Published: November 07, 2020




Abstract

The spread of Covid-19 took the form of a pandemic when the WHO declared the day of January 30, 2020 as a global health emergency, after a bibliographic review of the most up-to-date data on humans. It has been determined that beta coronaviruses are the causative agent in the triad of the disease and having bats and/or pangolins as host first, after which it had humans as host. In order to publicize the role of animals in the transmission of COVID-19, a qualitative systematic bibliographic review was carried out, by searching the Medline and Clinical Key databases. Pangolins were found to be a major reservoir of betacoronavirus. It is concluded that pangolins are the wild animals most likely to be the causative agent for Covid-19, there is not enough scientific evidence to show that domestic animals can spread SARS-Co2 and cats and ferrets turned out to be the animal species more susceptible to infection.

Keywords: Animals; COVID-19; Transmission

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Citation: Raúl González Salas., et al. “COVID-19: Role of Animals in Transmission”. EC Veterinary Science 5.12 (2020): 07-12.

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