Mini Review
Volume 5 Issue 9 - 2020
Control Strategies to Avoid Locusts Attack
Ghulam Abbas1*, Muhammad Arshad Javid2 and Asif Iqbal3
1Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Biosciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
3Department of Pathobiology, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Ghulam Abbas, Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan.
Received: June 25, 2020; Published: August 05, 2020




Abstract

Human population is increasing rapidly whilst food resources are shrinking due to urbanization and rapid converting of agriculture land to housing societies. This unnoticed situation may result in deprivation of large human population from food and threat to food security in coming decades. Therefore it is very need of the time to use the existing recourses in a wise and sustainable way and to explore the non-traditional food resources. Locusts are famous to badly damaging the crops, causing historic world famines. Different methods have been tried to control locusts swarm, however, biological control is always preferred. Swarm of locusts can be exploited for the productive purpose as these are healthy diet for the human, livestock, poultry, aquaculture, pets and zoo animals. During the recent locusts attack world have to spend huge money to control this disaster though there is no need to waste a huge amount in unproductive ways rather we should invest to control through poultry production that will result in to a huge return of the inputs. For this purpose Government of Pakistan should promote the backyard poultry farming especially duck farming to control the locusts in crop field areas. Therefore, backyard poultry farming especially duck farming should be suddenly promoted. For this PBPA (Pakistan Backyard Poultry Association) should be established which should work under the guidance of poultry scientists.

Keywords:Locusts; Agriculture; Livestock; Backyard Poultry; Farming

References

  1. Cohen JH., et al. “Chapulines and food choices in rural Oaxaca”. Gastronomica: The Journal of Food and Culture 9.1 (2009): 61-65.
  2. Van Huis A., et al. “Edible insects - Future prospects for food and feed security”. FAO Forestry Paper (2013): 171.
  3. Mutungi C., et al. “Postharvest processes of edible insects in Africa: A review of processing methods, and the implications for nutrition, safety and new products development”. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 30 (2017): 1-23.
  4. Adámková A. “Nutritional potential of selected insect species reared on the Island of Sumatra”. The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (2017): 521.
  5. Makkar HPS. “Review: Feed demand landscape and implications of food-not feed strategy for food security and climate change”. Animal 12 (2018): 1744-1754.
  6. Oonincx DG., et al. “An exploration on greenhouse gas and ammonia production by insect species suitable for animal or human consumption”. PloS One 5 (2010): e14445.
  7. Gahukar R. “Entomophagy and human food security”. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 31 (2011): 129-144.
  8. Hooman Majd. “The Ayatollah Begs to Differ: The Paradox of Modern Iran”. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group (2008): 165.
  9. Smil V. “Worldwide transformation of diets, burdens of meat production and opportunities for novel food proteins”. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 30.3 (2002): 305-311.
  10. Rumpold BA and OK Schlüter. “Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects”. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 57 (2013): 802-823.
  11. Ramos Elorduy J. “Protein content of some Edible insects in Mexico and their protein content”. Journal of Ethnobiology 4 (1984): 61-72.
  12. Ramos Elorduy J. “Insects: A sustainable source of food?” Ecology of Food and Nutrition 36.2-4 (1997): 247-276.
  13. Abul Tarboush., et al. “Desert Locust (Schistocercsa gregaria): Proximate Composition, Physiochemcial Characteristics of Lipids, Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Contents and Nutritional Value of Protein”. College of Foods and Agricultural Science. King Saud University (2015).
  14. Dennis GAB., et al. “Feed Conversion, Survival and Development, and Composition of Four Insect Species on Diets Composed ofFood By-Products”. PLoS One 10.12 (2015): e0144601.
  15. Van-Huis A., et al. “Insects to feed the world”. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 1 (2015): 3-5.
  16. Krall S., et al. “New Strategies in Locust Control”. Springer Science and Business Media (1997): 453-454.
  17. Grehan and James. “Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine”. Oxford University Press (2014): 1.
  18. Lomer CJ., et al. “Biological Control of Locusts and Grasshoppers”. Annual Review of Entomology 46 (2001): 667-702.
  19. Bateman R., et al. “The enhanced infectivity of Metarhizium flavoviride in oil formulations to desert locusts at low humidities”. Annals of Applied Biology 122.1 (1993): 145-152.
  20. Thomas MB., et al. “Between-season survival of the grasshopper pathogen Metarhizium flavoviride in the Sahel”. Biocontrol Science and Technology 6.4 (1996): 569-573.
  21. Latchininsky., et al “Locust Habitat Monitoring and Risk Assessment Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies”. University of Wyoming (2010).
  22. Ceccato and Pietro. “Operational Early Warning System Using Spot-Vegetation and Terra-Modis To Predict Desert Locust Outbreaks”. Food and Agriculture Organization (2014).
  23. Neill K., et al. “Effects of livestock grazing on rangeland grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) abundance”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 97.1-3 (2003): 51-64.
  24. Onsager JA. “Suppression of grasshoppers in the Great Plains through grazing management”. Journal of Range Management 53.6 (2000): 592-602.
  25. H McNeill and William. “Plagues and Peoples”. Springer Science and Business Media (2012):146.
  26. Homer. “Iliad 21.1”. Perseus Tufts (2017).
  27. Showler AT. “The Desert Locust in Africa and Western Asia: Complexities of War, Politics, Perilous Terrain, and Development”. Radcliffe’s IPM World Textbook”. University of Minnesota (2015).
  28. Showler and Allan T. “Desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål (Orthoptera: Acrididae) plagues”. In John L. Capinera (edition.)”. Encyclopedia of Entomology (2008): 1181-1186.
  29. Yadav RKG, et al. “Advancements in the utilization of Azolla anabaena system in relation to sustainable agricultural practices”. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 80 (2014): 301-316.
Citation: Ghulam Abbas., et al.“Control Strategies to Avoid Locusts Attack”. EC Veterinary Science 5.9 (2020): 11-15.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


July Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the July issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 19, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.