Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 8 - 2020
Effects of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performances of African Giant Snail (Archachatina marginata)
Tchakounte Frank Mael1*, Kana Jean Raphaël1, Meffowoet Chekam Prisca2 and Pounde Zonfack Martini1
1Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon
2Animal Physiology and Health Research Unit, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Tchakounte Frank Mael, Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon.
Received: April 11, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020




Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of dietary protein level on growth performances of African giant snail Archachatina marginata. The snails were fed on 4 diets with 4 diets containing graded protein content (20%, 23%, 26% and 29%) for thirty-two weeks. The main results revealed that, growth performances were higher (p ˂ 0.05) with the highest protein content. The highest and comparable values were obtained with snails fed with diet containing the highest protein levels (26 and 29%) followed by those who fed on diet containing 20 and 23% crude protein. The feed conversion ratio was comparable in all the treatments fed on formulated diet. The snails fed on diet containing 26% and 29% crude protein presented comparable shell growth (0.25 - 0.26 mm/day in length and 0.087 - 0.088 mm/day in width) but higher than those of treatments 20% and 26%. It was concluded that, A. marginata performed better with 26% crude protein in the ration with respect to growth performances.

Keywords: Archachatina marginata; Dietary; Growth; Protein; Shell

References

  1. Conférence internationale sur la nutrition Rome (2014): 19-21.
  2. Sika PNA., et al. “Effet de la teneur en protéines alimentaires sur la croissance de l’escargot Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1720)”. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 1 (2015a): 85-93.
  3. Les vertues diétetique de l’escargot (2018).
  4. Bouye TR., et al. “Etude de la croissance d’un escargot géant africain comestible: Achatina achatina (Linné, 1758) élevé sur du substrat amendé à la poudre de coquilles d’escargot”. Journal of Applied Biosciences 109 (2017a): 10630-10639.
  5. Otchoumou A. “Effet de la teneur en calcium d’aliments composés et de la photopériode sur les performances biologiques chez trois espèces d’escargots Achatinidae de Côte d’Ivoire élevées en bâtiment. Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat ès-Sciences Naturelles en Biologie et Ecologie Animales, Université d’Abobo-Adjamé, Abidjan-Côte d’Ivoire (2005): 171.
  6. Otchoumou A., et al. “Les escargots comestibles de Côte d’Ivoire: effets de quelques plantes, d’aliments concentrés et de la teneur en calcium alimentaire sur la croissance d’Archachatina ventricosa (Gould, 1850) en élevage hors-sol en bâtiment”. Tropicultura 3 (2004): 127-133.
  7. Bouye TR., et al. “Effet de l’amendement au carbonate de calcium (mikhart) de substrat d’élevage sur les performances de reproduction de l’escargot Achatina achatina (Linné, 1758)”. Journal of Applied Biosciences 109 (2017b): 10662-10672.
  8. Tchakounte FM., et al. “Growth and reproductive performances of African giant snail (Archachatina marginata) as affected by dietary calcium levels”. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances1 (2019a): 263-271.
  9. Tchakounte FM., et al. “Effects of dietary level of calcium on body proportion and nutritional value of African giant snail (Archachatina marginata)”. Journal of Animal Research and Veterinary Science 3 (2019b): 7.
  10. Otchoumou A., et al. “The edible African giant snails: Fertility of Achatina achatina (Linné 1758) Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1820) and Archachatina ventricosa (Gould 1850) in humid forest; influence of animal density and photoperiod on fertility in breeding”. Bollettino Malacologico 39 (2003): 179-184.
  11. Kana JR., et al. “Effets du régime alimentaire sur la croissance et la valeur nutritive de la viande d’escargots géants africains Archachatina marginata”. Livestock Research for Rural Development3 (2018).
  12. Karamoko M., et al. “Effets du calcium alimentaire sur les paramètres de croissance de l’escargot Limicolaria flammea (Müller, 1774), en élevage hors-sol”. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 1 (2015): 231-240.
  13. Sika PNA., et al. “Effet de la teneur en protéines alimentaires sur la croissance de l’escargot Archachatina marginata (Bowdich, 1720)”. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 1 (2015b): 85-93.
  14. Adeola AJ., et al. “Effects of natural and concentrate diets on proximate composition and sensory properties of giant land snail (Archachatina marginata) meat”. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation 2 (2010): 185-189.
  15. Sika PNA., et al. “Effet du régime et de la teneur en protéines brutes alimentaires sur le rendement en viande de l’escargot Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1720)”. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 5 (2014): 2296-2305.
  16. Ogbolo E., et al. “Effet de la variation du niveau en protéine sur les performances zootechniques de l’escargot Archachatina marginata (Swainson, 1821) et la morphologie des naissains en élevage hors-sol au nord-Bénin”. Afrique SCIENCE6 (2019): 1-10.
  17. Hardouin J., et al. “L’Achatiniculture”. Revue Mondiale de Zootechnie 2 (1995): 29-39.
  18. Ojebiyi OO., et al. “Performance Characteristics of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata) Fed Diets Containing Soya Bean Milk Residue-Cassava Sievate Meal Mixtures”. World Journal in Life Sciences and Medical Research 5 (2011): 105-110.
  19. Babalola OO., et al. “Performance of growing snails (Archachatina marginata) fed milk leaf (Euphorbia heterophylla) supplemented with calcium from three sources (egg shell, oyster shell and bone meal)”. European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research 3 (2015): 28-33.
  20. Aman J-B., et al. “Effet de la teneur en poudre de coquilles d’huîtres dans le substrat d’élevage sur la croissance d’Archachatina marginata”. Journal of Applied Biosciences 47 (2011): 3205-3213.
  21. Cobbinah JC., et al. “L’élevage des escargots: Production, transformation commercialization”. Agromisa/CTA (2008): 85.
Citation: Tchakounte Frank Mael., et al. “Effects of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performances of African Giant Snail (Archachatina marginata)”. EC Veterinary Science 5.8 (2020): 39-47.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 15, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk