Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 8 - 2020
Serological Evidence of Avian Mycoplasmosis and Salmonellosis in Different Poultry Birds at the Live Bird Market and Free Range Management System in Taraba State, Nigeria
Akade FT1*, Akade B2, Andamin AD3, Muhammed U2 and Timothy S2
1Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria
2College of Agriculture Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
3Federal College of Horticulture Dadin-Kowa Gombe State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Akade FT, Federal polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria.
Received: June 27, 2020; Published: July 09, 2020




Abstract

Both avian mycoplasmosis due to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae and salmonellosis due to Salmonella pullorum are responsible for economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. This study was conducted between April to July, 2017, to determine the Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) and Salmonella Pullorum (SP) in broiler chickens, layer chickens, indigenous chickens, guinea fowl, indigenous cross - breed chickens (Lacroilers) sampled at the Jalingo live bird market and indigenous chickens on free range. Out of the total of 792 serum samples tested, 60.22% were positive to MG. Also, out of the 275 sera samples tested for MS, 66.18% were positive for MS. Salmonella pullorum antibodies were detected in 53.9% of the 920 whole blood samples tested. Highest seropositive rates were detected in the indigenous chickens for both MG and MS with 71.93% and 90% seropositive rates, respectively. The highest antibody presence for SP were found in the layer chickens. The study found that all bird types had detectable antibodies for MG, MS and SP leading to the conclusion that MG, MS and SP antibodies are prevalent in chickens of different types as well as guinea fowl in the study area. The significance of these findings are discussed.

Keywords: Avian Mycoplasmosis; Salmonellosis; Mycoplasma gallisepticum; Mycoplasma synoviae; Salmonella pullorum; Serology; Poultry

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Citation: Akade FT., et al. “Serological Evidence of Avian Mycoplasmosis and Salmonellosis in Different Poultry Birds at the Live Bird Market and Free Range Management System in Taraba State, Nigeria”. EC Veterinary Science 5.8 (2020): 11-15.

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