Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 6 - 2020
Effect of Acidified Drinking Water on Gut Bacteria Community and Blood Profile of Broiler Chickens
Eugenes K Ndelekwute*, Paul M Eko and Ekaette N Mbaba
Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Eugenes K Ndelekwute, Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.
Received: March 11, 2020; Published: May 29, 2020




Abstract

One hundred and fifty (150) day old Abor-Acre chicks were used to determine the effect of organic acids (OAs) fed through drinking water on haematology, serum biochemistry and bacteria community of the gut of broiler chickens. The OAs were acetic (AA), butyric (BA), citric (CA) and formic (FA) acids representing the treatments. Each of the OAs was added to the drinking water at 0.25%. The control had no OA. Each treatment was replicated three times with 10 birds per replicate, arranged in completely randomized design (CRD). Feed and water were offered ad libitum for 7 weeks the experiment lasted. Results showed that white blood cells were significantly (P < 0.05) increased by BA, CA and FA. The OAs did not significantly (P > 0.05) alter other haematological and serum biochemical indices investigated. All the OAs showed antibacterial effect on Salmonella, E. coli and Staphylococcus in the crop, gizzard, duodenum, ileum and caecum. In conclusion, the OAs could be used as antibacterial agents in drinking water to reduce bacteria bodies in the gut of broiler chickens without deleterious impact on hematological and serum biochemical status of the birds.

Keywords: Bacteria Community; Drinking Water; Gut; Haematology; Organic Acids; Serum Biochemistry

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Citation: Eugenes K Ndelekwute. et al. ““Effect of Acidified Drinking Water on Gut Bacteria Community and Blood Profile of Broiler Chickens”. EC Veterinary Science 5.6 (2020): 66-73.

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