Guest Editorial
Volume 5 Issue 4 - 2020
Control Cum Exploitation of Locusts Attack to Enhance Productivity
Ghulam Abbas1*, Makhdoom AbduJabbar1 and Razia AbdulMajid Qureshi2
1Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Physics University of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Ghulam Abbas, Department of Animal Production, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences Lahore, Pakistan.
Received: February 05, 2020; Published: March 09, 2020




Abstract

Human population on the globe is expected to reach 9 billion by 2040 whereas food resources are shrinking. This has led an increased demand for exploiting the non-conventional food resources to be introduced in the food chain. Locusts have a significant impact on the history of mankind and are famous to severely damaging the crops resulted into historic famines. Experts should introduce modern and advanced methods to control the overwhelming harms before outbreak which are expected to occur. Moreover, use of locusts in the ration/feed of livestock, poultry, aquaculture, pets and zoo animals and/or in human food may help to exploiting the outbreak of this notorious species. Locusts are proposed for environmentally friendly and quality food production for animals and human being. Demand of commercial farming of locust is developing rapidly throughout the world. Therefore, locusts can be introduced into conventional foods of human and animal to fulfill the increasing demand of energy.

Keywords: Locusts; Famines; Farming; Livestock; Poultry; Mankind

References

  1. Abbas G. “Role of Poultry Production to Feed the Humanity on the Planet”. EC Agriculture 6.2 (2020): 01.
  2. Abbas G. “An Augmented Review about Anti-Nutrients and Toxins of Feed Stuff and their Control Strategies, a Step toward Sustainable Resource Utilization”. International Journal of Agricultural Research 8.4 (2020): 2319-2473.
  3. Abul Tarboush., et al. "Desert Locust (Schistocercsa gregaria): Proximate Composition, Physiochemcial Characteristics of Lipids, Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Contents and Nutritional Value of Protein". College of Foods and Agricultural Science. King Saud University (2015).
  4. Allotey J and Mpuchane S. “Utilization of useful insects as food source”. The African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 3 (2003): 1-6.
  5. Antsey., et al. "Serotonin mediates behavioral gregarization underlying swarm formation in desert locusts". Science 323.5914 (2009): 627-630.
  6. Ayieko MA., et al. “Processed products of termites and Lake flies: Improving entomophagy for food security within the Lake Victoria region”. The African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 10 (2010): 2085-2098.
  7. Bateman, R., et al. "The enhanced infectivity of Metarhizium flavoviride in oil formulations to desert locusts at low humidities". Annals of Applied Biology 122.1 (1993): 145-152. 
  8. Ceccato and Pietro. "Operational Early Warning System Using Spot-Vegetation and Terra-Modis To Predict Desert Locust Outbreaks". Food and Agriculture Organization (2014).
  9. Cerritos R and Cano-Santana Z. “Harvesting grasshoppers Sphenarium Purpurascens in Mexico for human consumption: A comparison with insecticidal control for managing pest outbreaks”. Crop Protection 27.3-5 (2008): 473-480.
  10. Cheseto X., et al. “Potential of the desert locust (Orthoptera: Acrididae) as an unconventional source of dietary and therapeutic sterols”. PLOS ONE 10 (2015): e0127171.
  11. Cohen JH., et al. “Chapulines and food choices in rural Oaxaca”. Gastronomica: The Journal of Food and Culture 9.1 2009: 61-65.
  12. Collavo A., et al. "House cricket small-scale farming". In Paoletti, M. G. (ed.). Ecological implications of minilivestock: potential of insects, rodents, frogs and snails. New Hampshire: Science Publishers (2005): 519-544.
  13. Das M., et al. “Space requirement for mass rearing of two common Indian acridid adults (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in laboratory condition”. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 6 (2009): 313-316.
  14. Das M., et al. “Effect of food plants on nutritional ecology of two acridids (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to provide alternative protein supplement for poultry”. Turkish Journal of Zoology 36.5 (2012): 699-718.
  15. DeFoliart GR. “The human use of insects as food and as animal feed”. Entomological Society of America 35 (1989): 22-35.
  16. FAO. "Composition database for Biodiversity Version 2, BioFoodComp2" (2013).
  17. FAO. "Nutritional value of insects for human consumption" (2015).
  18. Floros JD., et al. “Feeding the world today and tomorrow: The importance of food science and technology”. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety (2010): 1-28.
  19. Gahukar R. “Entomophagy and human food security”. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 31 (2011): 129-144.
  20. Ganguly A., et al. “Johnson grass [Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.]: a potential food plant for attaining higher grasshopper biomass in acridid farms”. The Philippine Agricultural Scientist 93.3 (2010): 329-336.
  21. “Global Steak-Demain nos enfants mangeront des croquets”. French documentary (2010).
  22. Grehan and James. “Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine”. Oxford University Press (2014): 1.
  23. H McNeill and William. “Plagues and Peoples”. Springer Science and Business Media (2012):146.
  24. Homer. "Iliad 21.1". Perseus Tufts (2017).
  25. Hooman Majd. “The Ayatollah Begs to Differ: The Paradox of Modern Iran”. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group (2008): 165.
  26. Jeffrey A Lockwood. “Locust: The Devastating Rise and Mysterious Disappearance of the Insect that Shaped the American Frontier” (2005).
  27. Khusro M., et al. “Insects as poultry feed: a scoping study for poultry production systems in Australia”. World's Poultry Science Journal 68.3 (2012): 435-446.
  28. Krall S., et al. “New Strategies in Locust Control”. Springer Science and Business Media (1997): 453-454.
  29. Krall S., et al. “New Strategies in Locust Control”. Springer Science and Business Media (1997): 453-454.
  30. Latchininsky., et al "Locust Habitat Monitoring and Risk Assessment Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies". University of Wyoming (2010).
  31. Lomer CJ., et al. "Biological Control of Locusts and Grasshoppers". Annual Review of Entomology 46 (2001): 667-702.  
  32. Makkar HPS. “Review: Feed demand landscape and implications of food-not feed strategy for food security and climate change”. Animal 12 (2018): 1744-1754.
  33. Mutungi C., et al. “Postharvest processes of edible insects in Africa: A review of processing methods, and the implications for nutrition, safety and new products development”. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 30 (2017): 1-23.
  34. Mwangi KW., et al. “Development and microbiological load of composite flours from locusts, grasshoppers and malted finger millet”. African Journal of Food Science and Technology 10.1 (2019): 13-20.
  35. Nakagaki B. “Comparison of diets for mass-rearing Acheta domesticus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) as a novelty food, and comparison of food conversion efficiency with values reported for livestock”. Journal of Economic Entomology 84: 891-896.
  36. O'Neill K., et al. “Effects of livestock grazing on rangeland grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) abundance”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 97.1-3 (2003): 51-64. 
  37. Onsager JA. “Suppression of grasshoppers in the Great Plains through grazing management”. Journal of Range Management 53.6 (2000): 592-602.
  38. Oonincx DG., et al. “An exploration on greenhouse gas and ammonia production by insect species suitable for animal or human consumption”. PloS One 5 (2010): e14445.
  39. Ramos Elorduy J. “Protein content of some Edible insects in Mexico and their protein content”. Journal of Ethnobiology 4 (1984): 61-72.
  40. Ramos Elorduy J. “Insects: A sustainable source of food?” Ecology of Food and Nutrition 36.2-4 (1997): 247-276.
  41. Savic V., et al. “Effect of repeated heat stress on the humoral immune response and productivity of broiler chicks”. Veterinarska Stanica 24 (1993): 195-202.
  42. Showler AT. “The Desert Locust in Africa and Western Asia: Complexities of War, Politics, Perilous Terrain, and Development”. Radcliffe's IPM World Textbook. University of Minnesota (2015).
  43. Showler and Allan T. "Desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål (Orthoptera: Acrididae) plagues". In John L. Capinera (ed.). Encyclopedia of Entomology (2008): 1181-1186.
  44. Smil V. "Worldwide transformation of diets, burdens of meat production and opportunities for novel food proteins". Enzyme and Microbial Technology 30.3 (2002): 305-311.
  45. Thomas MB., et al. "Between-season survival of the grasshopper pathogen Metarhizium flavoviride in the Sahel". Biocontrol Science and Technology 6.4 (1996): 569-573.
  46. Van Huis A., et al. 2013. “Edible insects - Future prospects for food and feed security”. FAO Forestry Paper 171.
  47. Van-Huis A., et al. “Insects to feed the world”. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 1 (2015): 3-5.
  48. Adámková A. “Nutritional potential of selected insect species reared on the Island of Sumatra”. The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (2017): 521.
  49. Rumpold BA and OK Schlüter. “Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects”. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 57 (2013): 802-823.
  50. Khan SH. “Recent advances in role of insects as alternative protein source in poultry nutrition”. Journal of Applied Animal Research 49 (2018): 1144-1157.
  51. Dennis GAB., et al. “Feed Conversion, Survival and Development, and Composition of Four Insect Species on Diets Composed of Food By-Products”. PLoS One 10.12 (2015): e0144601.
Citation: Ghulam Abbas., et al. “Control Cum Exploitation of Locusts Attack to Enhance Productivity”. EC Veterinary Science 5.4 (2020): 30-34.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


June Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the June issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 06, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk