Review Article
Volume 5 Issue 3 - 2020
Clinical Nutrition and Therapeutic Diets: New Opportunities in Farm Animal Practice
Artabandhu Sahoo*
Division of Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding Author: Artabandhu Sahoo, Division of Animal Nutrition, ICAR-Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India.
Received: January 22, 2020; Published: March 03, 2020




Abstract

The science of animal nutrition gets increasingly involved with questions on how to supply nutrients that guarantee adequate physiological development, good health and reproduction. Clinical Nutrition provides clinically relevant nutritional advice for optimum health and welfare of farm animals without compromising the production output. Nutrition and medicine interface in a variety of ways and combine to serve as a dynamic force in health and disease and thus, a conceptual understanding of this interrelationship is critical to the continued and effective development of veterinary clinical nutrition. The therapeutic diets is an adjunct to balanced diets for supporting optimum production as well as for enhancing immunity and minimizing deterioration in health and production of animals during illness caused by inflammatory etiologies. This review will thus offer practical strategies for incorporating nutritional principles into daily clinical farm animal practice, provide a reliable resource on feeding practices in both healthy and diseased animals, and help veterinary practitioners to confidently and competently make nutritional recommendations. Moreover, there is an urgent need of explorative research for the prevention and control of occurrence of a disease or pathological condition; and for the management of clinical conditions through integration of clinical nutrition and other veterinary aid practices. Moreover, many metabolic and deficiency diseases are directly related to correction of imbalances and pre and post-natal nutritional and feeding management of farm animals. In this review, production stress and nutrition, stress of diseases and nutrition, metabolic effects of infection, nutrition-reproduction interaction, nutrition and immunity, transition nutrition, nutrition for gastrointestinal functionality, parasitism and host nutrition, nutrition-environment interaction, pharmaco-nutrition and ensuing nutritional support and dietary guidelines are briefed to introduce to a newer area of clinical nutrition that can have added strength to veterinary therapeutics.

Keywords: Clinical Nutrition; Therapeutic Diet; Farm Animal

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Citation: Artabandhu Sahoo. “Clinical Nutrition and Therapeutic Diets: New Opportunities in Farm Animal Practice”. EC Veterinary Science 5.4 (2020): 12-29.

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