Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 3 - 2020
Application of Indigenous Knowledge in Treating Retained Placenta in Cattle
S Mthi* and JM Rust
Dohne Agricultural Development Institute, Stutterheim, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: S Mthi, Dohne Agricultural Development Institute, Stutterheim, South Africa.
Received: December 03, 2019; Published: February 04, 2020


In most rural areas in Sub-Saharan countries, livestock plays an important role in people’s livelihood and they have vast traditional knowledge of livestock management and ethno-veterinary practices. An ethno-veterinary survey of plants and/or practices used for management of retained placenta was carried out in three geographical areas of Eastern Cape Province between November 2013 and February 2014. Data was collected from the respondents through the use of semi-structured questionnaires and guided field walks. Forty eight respondents (31 men and 17 women) were interviewed on ethno-veterinary treatment used for retained placenta. Information on traditional ethno-veterinary medicine knowledge, preparation method, plant part used and mode of administration were recorded. In total, 6 medicinal plants representing 6 families were recorded as being used for the treatment of retained placenta in cattle. These plants were used in mixtures or used alone. All the plants species used were collected from the wild. The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (66.7%) followed by barks (33.3%), roots, bulb and flowers, contributing 16.7% each. Drying and crushing of plants parts mixed with warm water was the main methods of preparation, while oral was the main route of remedy administration. The current study revealed that respondents has vast knowledge on ethno-veterinary medicinal plants which are valuable resources to the local communities. This knowledge is in the custody of old people and is transferred vertical and horizontal through the word of mouth from one generation to another. There is therefore a dire need for documentation and scientific validation of medicinal plants for the development of alternative drugs as well as further develop strategies for domestication and propagation of these medicinal plants.

Keywords: Indigenous Management; Placenta; Subsistence Farming


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Citation: S Mthi and JM Rust. “Application of Indigenous Knowledge in Treating Retained Placenta in Cattle”. EC Nutrition 5.3 (2020): 01-05.

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