Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 3 - 2020
Application of Indigenous Knowledge in Treating Retained Placenta in Cattle
S Mthi* and JM Rust
Dohne Agricultural Development Institute, Stutterheim, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: S Mthi, Dohne Agricultural Development Institute, Stutterheim, South Africa.
Received: December 03, 2019; Published: February 04, 2020




Abstract

In most rural areas in Sub-Saharan countries, livestock plays an important role in people’s livelihood and they have vast traditional knowledge of livestock management and ethno-veterinary practices. An ethno-veterinary survey of plants and/or practices used for management of retained placenta was carried out in three geographical areas of Eastern Cape Province between November 2013 and February 2014. Data was collected from the respondents through the use of semi-structured questionnaires and guided field walks. Forty eight respondents (31 men and 17 women) were interviewed on ethno-veterinary treatment used for retained placenta. Information on traditional ethno-veterinary medicine knowledge, preparation method, plant part used and mode of administration were recorded. In total, 6 medicinal plants representing 6 families were recorded as being used for the treatment of retained placenta in cattle. These plants were used in mixtures or used alone. All the plants species used were collected from the wild. The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (66.7%) followed by barks (33.3%), roots, bulb and flowers, contributing 16.7% each. Drying and crushing of plants parts mixed with warm water was the main methods of preparation, while oral was the main route of remedy administration. The current study revealed that respondents has vast knowledge on ethno-veterinary medicinal plants which are valuable resources to the local communities. This knowledge is in the custody of old people and is transferred vertical and horizontal through the word of mouth from one generation to another. There is therefore a dire need for documentation and scientific validation of medicinal plants for the development of alternative drugs as well as further develop strategies for domestication and propagation of these medicinal plants.

Keywords: Indigenous Management; Placenta; Subsistence Farming

References

  1. Ahmed WM., et al. “Investigations on retained foetal membranes in Friesian cows in Egypt”. Egyptian Journal of comparative Pathology 12 (1999): 160-177.
  2. El-Malky O., et al. “Postpartum Performance of cattle with retention of placenta” (2010).
  3. Toyang NJ., et al. “Ethnoveterinary medicine: a practical approach to the treatment of cattle diseases”. Agrodok 44 (second edition). Wageningen, The Netherlands (2007): 44.
  4. Moreki JC., et al. “Potential use of ethnoveterinary medicine for retained placenta in cattle in Mogonono, Botswana”. Journal of Animal Production Advanced 2.6 (2012): 303-309.
  5. Chah JM., et al. “Ethno-veterinary medicine used in small ruminant health in the Eastern Guinea Savanna, Nigeria”. Livestock Research for Rural Development 21 (2009): 221. 
  6. Masika PJ., et al. “Use of herbal remedies by small scale farmers to treat livestock diseases in central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa”. Journal of the south African Veterinary Association 71.2 (2000): 87-91. 
  7. Tucho TT and Ahmed WM. “Economic and reproductive impacts of retained placenta in dairy cows”. Journal of Reproduction and Infertility 8.1 (2017): 18-27.
  8. Abdisa T. “Mechanism of retained placenta ant its treatment by plant medicine in ruminant animals in Oromia, Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 10.6 (2018): 135-147.
  9. Jabbarm A., et al. “Possible role of ethnoveterinary medicine in poverty reduction in Pakistan: Use of botanical Anthelmintics as an example”. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science 1.2 (2005): 187-195.
  10. Teklehaymanot T and Giday M. “Ethno botanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie peninsula, North Western Ethiopia”. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2 (2007): 12.
  11. Chinsembu KC., et al. “An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat livestock diseases in Onayena and Katima Mulilo, Namibia”. South African Journal of Botany 94 (2014): 101-107.
  12. Mthi S., et al. “An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal plants used to treat bacterial diseases of livestock in three geographical areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa”. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 12.18 (2018): 240-247.
  13. Olajuyigbe OO and Afolayan AJ. “Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa”. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6.18 (2012): 3415-3424.
  14. Chauke A., et al. “Medicinal plant use of villagers in the Mopani district, Limpopo province, South Africa”. African Journal of Tradition Complement Alternative Medicine 12.3 (2015): 9-26.
  15. Giday M and Teklehaymanot T. “Ethnobotanical study of plants used in management of livestock health problems by Afar people of ada’ar district, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia”. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9.8 (2013): 1-10.
Citation: S Mthi and JM Rust. “Application of Indigenous Knowledge in Treating Retained Placenta in Cattle”. EC Nutrition 5.3 (2020): 01-05.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


June Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the June issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 06, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk