Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 1 - 2020
Study and Evaluation of the Different Types of Poisoning Cases Encountered in a Secondary Care Hospital in Ras Al Khaimah
Zoya Ali1*, Sathvik B Sridhar1, Padma Rao1 and Alaa M Qashllan2
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, RAK College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates
2Department of Emergency, Ibrahim Bin Hamad Obaidallah Hospital, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates
*Corresponding Author: Zoya Ali, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, RAK College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates.
Received: November 22, 2019; Published: December 18, 2019




Abstract

Objectives: To assess the type, clinical characteristic, management and outcome of different poisoning cases in a secondary care hospital in Ras Al Khaimah.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study conducted from October 2017 to May 2018 in a secondary care hospital in Ras Al Khaimah. Patient case notes related to admissions due to poisoning were identified and reviewed by the study investigator. Various details such as patient demographic characteristics, type, clinical characteristics and management of poisoning were entered in a suitably designed data collection form. The collected data was analyzed based on poison severity score and snakebite severity scale

Results: A total of 75 cases were recorded during the study period. There was a predominance of males [42 (56%)] compared females [33 (44%)]. The intention of poisoning was suicidal in majority of the cases [46 (61.3%)]. A total of 41 cases were recorded to be due to pharmaceutical agents, out of which paracetamol being the highest 15 (36.5%). Almost half the patients [35 (46.6%)] were only admitted for one day following exposure to the poison. Most of the patients were of Emirati nationality [30 (40%)] and belonged to the age group of 21 to 30 years [27 (36)]. Demographics like age and gender was found to be significantly associated (p < 0.05) with intention of poisoning and poisoning agent. While demographic parameters such as gender, age and marital status were found to be significantly (p < 0.05) associated with poisoning agent and intention of poisoning.

Keywords: Poisoning Cases; Secondary Care Hospital; Ras Al Khaimah

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Citation: Zoya Ali., et al. “Study and Evaluation of the Different Types of Poisoning Cases Encountered in a Secondary Care Hospital in Ras Al Khaimah”. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology 8.1 (2020): 01-06.

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