Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 2 - 2021
Measures Adopted by National Health Systems against the COVID-19 Pandemic; An Appraisal of Health Systems Functioning
Aysha Zahidie1* and Meesha Iqbal2
1Independent Researcher and Public Health Consultant, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, USA
*Corresponding Author: Aysha Zahidie, Independent Researcher and Public Health Consultant, Brooklyn, NY, USA.
Received: December 05, 2020; Published: January 27, 2021


Aims: This paper aims to review the policies, strategies, and interventions carried out at the health system, multisectoral and community levels to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subject and Methods: The health systems selected for analysis were China, South Korea, and Taiwan, representing East Asia; Iran and Saudi Arabia, the Middle East; India and Pakistan, South Asia and Italy, Europe. Our framework of analysis for effective mitigation measures at the health system level included the six building blocks of (1) service delivery, (2) health workforce, (3) health information systems, (4) access to essential medicines, (5) financing and (6) governance. Community-level interventions and intersectoral measures were additionally analyzed for proactivity and effectiveness. Data is included since the first case was reported in November 2019 till mid-April 2020. Sources of information are COVID-19 case repositories, official country websites, university research teams’ perspectives, official briefings, and available published research articles to date.

Results: It has been found that when much is unknown about an epidemic, resorting to conventional public health practices, such as case isolation, quarantine, social distancing, and lockdown, could be the best practice to control the disease from spreading in the community. An in-place early warning system for diseases and a central policymaking body fully authorized to take mitigation measures at the state level are of utmost importance to combat a pandemic as COVID-19. Meanwhile, the appropriate use of technology can add to the quickness of response.

Conclusion: Countries should be innovative in implementing traditional measures, such as lockdown or quarantine, with consideration for the collective needs and socio-economic structure of society.

Keywords: National Health Systems; COVID-19; Building Blocks


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Citation: Aysha Zahidie and Meesha Iqbal. “Measures Adopted by National Health Systems against the COVID-19 Pandemic; An Appraisal of Health Systems Functioning”. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology 9.2 (2021): 17-23.

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