Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 12 - 2020
The Role of Health Decision Making, Executive Capacity and Community Engagement in Preparedness and Response for Controlling COVID-19
Zainab Almoosa1, Gasmelseed Y Ahmed1*, Osama Al-Shaya2 and Mansour AlFadel2
1Almoosa Specialist Hospital, Al-Ahsa, KSA
2King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh (KFMC), KSA
*Corresponding Author: Gasmelseed Y Ahmed, Almoosa Specialist Hospital, Al-Ahsa, KSA.
Received: September 24, 2020; Published: November 28, 2020


Background: Corona is an infectious disease first identified 2019 in Wuhan, China then spread globally resulting in pandemic. It is a new disease with no treatment, hence preparedness, early response and public awareness remain vital protective measures in combating the outbreak. We are aiming in this study to evaluate preparedness strategy and response for controlling COVID-19 outbreak in two Saudi hospitals.

Methods: It is a descriptive hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in Almoosa Specialist Hospital, Alahsa (ASH) and King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh (KFMC). Random group of four hundred fifty one participants were interviewed on their opinion on governmental protective decisions and commitment to the rules. We have applied a data collection form consists of 4 sections and a total of 57 items. Ethical research committee approval was obtained from the two sites.

Results: Data on 451 participants were analyzed applying (SPSS). More than half 244 (54.1%) medical staff and the other were patients and their families. 250 (55.4%) females, 190 (42.1%) within age group 31 - 40, above 40 were (34.8%) and the remaining were below 31 years of age. High rate (94.6%) of participants rated frequent hands’ washing the top protective measure followed by social distancing and wearing mask. Community’s commitment rate and submission to governmental rules of curfew and prohibiting gatherings was (94.9%).

Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in the region to assess public health emergency preparedness from perspective of decision making and executive capacity. The results revealed vital role of authorities in facilitating and coordinating the preparedness between all heath stakeholders. The study proved high level of commitment within the community with the most challenging decisions were the religious ones approached in a harmony between faith and science.

Keywords: Thalassemia; FoliPreparedness; Saudi Arabia; Decision Making; Executive Capacity and Commitment


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Citation: Gasmelseed Y Ahmed., et al. “The Role of Health Decision Making, Executive Capacity and Community Engagement in Preparedness and Response for Controlling COVID-19”. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology 8.12 (2020): 24-31.

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