Review Article
Volume 8 Issue 9 - 2020
EU Research in Nanotoxicology 2000 - 2020 and its Applications for Ensuring “Safe by Design” Nanotechnology Products for Medicine
Terry Wilkins*
School of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Leeds, UK
*Corresponding Author: Terry Wilkins, School of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Leeds, UK.
Received: July 25, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020


The first two decades of the 21st century has seen a rapid increase, from a near zero base, for European nanosafety and nanomedicine research. This has been achieved by dramatically increasing funding and establishing effective networks of experts in both disciplines to drive forward science and technology for both and inform EU Research and Innovation planning. Initially, both disciplines focused on their respective areas, but from 2010 onwards they increasingly co-operated to better drive forward their respective disciplines and achieve safe and ethical solutions for future industrial and clinical beneficiaries of their respective science areas. At the junction of the 2nd and 3rd decades and the transition from Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe Programs, it is possible to describe general Safe-by-Design principles for nanoenabled pharmaceuticals and implanted medical devices that are heavily dependent on the new science created by nanosafety and nanomedicine science to meet the demanding clinical requirements of the 3rd decade.


Keywords: Nanomedicine; Nanoenabled Medical Devices; Nanosafety; Hazard; Exposure; Nano-EHS; Safe-by-Design


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Citation: Terry Wilkins. “EU Research in Nanotoxicology 2000 - 2020 and its Applications for Ensuring “Safe by Design” Nanotechnology Products for Medicine”. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology 8.9 (2020): 125-130.

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