Review Article
Volume 6 Issue 9 - 2018
Elsholtzia communis: A Review of its Traditional Uses, Pharmacological Activity and Phytochemical Compounds
Chandana Choudhury Barua*, Nilofar Yasmin and Lipika Buragohain
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India
*Corresponding Author: Chandana Choudhury Barua, Professor and Principal Investigator, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
Received: July 06, 2018; Published: August 09, 2018
Citation: Chandana Choudhury Barua., et al. “Elsholtzia communis: A Review of its Traditional Uses, Pharmacological Activity and Phytochemical Compounds”. EC Pharmacology and Toxicology 6.9 (2018): 806-820.
Abstract
The genus Elsholtzia contains at-least thirty three species and in folk medicine, the species of this genus have immense medicinal values. Elsholtzia has an widespread distribution, assorted biological and pharmacological activities of pure compounds, extracts and volatile components already reported. Various phytochemical researches on the genus revealed the wide-ranging presence of flavone, coumarin, terpenoid, and other compounds, together with prolific essential oils. The pharmacological activities of volatile constituents mainly were considered on antioxidant, antiviral and antibacterial activities.
This review deals with one of the rare species of the genus Elsholtzia, i.e. Elsholtzia communis, of the family Labiatae. It is available mainly in China, Thailand, Indo China border and in North-eastern parts of India. It is popularly used by the tribes of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh as a part of their diet and for medicinal property. A survey of the available literature shows that the research work carried out on this particular plant is meager, compared to other species like Elsholtzia blanda, E. kachinensis and E. stachyodes. Inspite, E. communis has various medicinal properties and food value. It is used as a traditional remedy for cough, throat infection, bronchitis, gastric problems. We have reported its adaptogenic activity in counteracting stress. Due to its high nutritive value it can be utilized as a nutritional supplement. Pharmacological investigations on the extracts and pure compounds from Elsholtzia cover the antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and myocardial ischemia protection, as well as other activities. Researchers are increasingly concentrating on the pharmacological activities of the genus.
Keywords: Antiviral; Adaptogen; Elsholtzia communis; Essential Oils; Stress; Pharmacological; Nutritional; Resistance
Copyright: © 2018 Chandana Choudhury Barua., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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