Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 6 - 2022
Effects of Education Programs on School Students’ Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding First Aid for a Choking Person in Saudi Arabia

Mohammed A Abdelmalik1*, Mohammaed O Mohammaed2, Almoez M Mohammed4, Adel M Abdalla4, Abdalrahman A Saeed3, Binyameen M Sambu5, Ibrahim A Abbakr6 and Mohamed A Beraima7

1Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences at Shaqra, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia and University of El Imam El Mahdi Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing, Kosti, White Nile, SD, Sudan

2Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences at Shaqra, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia

3Nursing College, Alribat University Khartoum, Sudan

4Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences at Shaqra, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia and Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sinnar, Sinnar City, Sudan

5College of Nursing, Psychiatric Department, Umm Alqura University, Saudi Arabia

6College of Nursing, Department of Nursing Practice, Umm Alqura University, Saudi Arabia

7Alghad International Colleges for Applied Medical Science, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Mohammed A Abdelmalik, Lecturer of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia and Faculty of Nursing, University of El Imam El Mahdi Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nursing, Kosti, White Nile, SD, Sudan.
Received: June 14, 2022; Published: June 28, 2022


Background: Choking and foreign body aspiration are significant causes of mortality and morbidity in young youngsters.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of education programs on school students' knowledge, attitude, and practice towards a choking person.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group design included a total of 282 school adolescents aged 15 - 18 years enrolled by the convenience sampling technique. Researchers randomly divided participants into an intervention group (n = 141) and a control group (n = 141). After both groups completed the pretest, the intervention group received an education program on first aid for a choking person. Then, both groups were subjected to a posttest at the end of the program by the same pretest questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data.

Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups within the study parameters at the pretest (P = > 0.05). However, at posttest, a significant difference was observed between the pretest and posttest mean scores of knowledge (p = 0.001), attitude (p = 0.024) and practice (p = 0.001) of the intervention group compared to the control group.

Conclusion: The intervention group showed significant improvement in the mean scores of school adolescents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding first aid for a choking person. These changes in mean scores indicate the efficacy of the health education program. We suggest a continuous training program to improve competency in providing first aid for a choking person.


Keywords: Education; School Adolescents; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Choking


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Citation: Mohammed A Abdelmalik., et al. “Effects of Education Programs on School Students’ Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding First Aid for a Choking Person in Saudi Arabia”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine 11.6 (2022): 09-16.

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