Review Article
Volume 11 Issue 3 - 2022
The Breath of Life: Breathing Techniques as Effective “Medicine”
Nicholas A Kerna1,2*, John V Flores3,4, Sudeep Chawla5, Stephen M Brown6, Joseph Anderson II7, Hillary M Holets3,4, ND Victor Carsrud8, Rashad Roberson9, Uzoamaka Nwokorie10 and Kevin D Pruitt11,12
1SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
2First InterHealth Group, Thailand
3Beverly Hills Wellness Surgical Institute, USA
4Orange Partners Surgicenter, USA
5Chawla Health & Research, USA
6International University of Health Sciences, St. Kitts
7International Institute of Original Medicine, USA
8Lakeline Wellness Center, USA
9Georgetown American University, College of Medicine, Guyana
10University of Washington, USA
11Kemet Medical Consultants, USA
12PBJ Medical Associates, LLC, USA
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, (mailing address) POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: January 04, 2022; Published: February 26, 2022


Breathing is a fundamental activity of all living organisms and is necessary for life. Although breathing is a priority, greater than 90% of living organisms use less than 50% of their breathing capacity efficiently. How a person breathes affects the functions of their entire body. Breathing exercises are regularly recommended to maintain mental peace, alleviate stress, improve psychophysiological function, and organ performance. Yoga relieves stress, depression, anxiety, and various acute or chronic mood disorders. Physical postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayamas) and meditation practices (dhyana) are the components of yoga that unite the mind, body, and spirit. Yogic breathing involves following a recommended breathing pattern and movements to positively affect immune function, regulate any imbalance in the autonomic nervous system, manage psychological and stress-related disorders and alleviate physiological functions, which help improve quality of life (QoL). If an individual is purposeful, these exercises are easy to learn, positively impacting life and behavior. Several experimental and computational studies support the benefits of controlled breathing methods on overall well-being. Each type of yoga provides unique physiological and psychological advantages attributed to posture, the use of mouth and nostrils, frequency and duration of breathing, laryngeal muscle contraction, glottis position, and tidal capacity. Practicing yoga is generally considered safe, although special populations—such as older individuals and those with high-risk diseases—require appropriate consultation before undergoing such practices. This review provides an overview of breathing- related practices, such as breathing as a non-pharmacological intervention to manage and overcome stress and other breathing disorders.

Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; COVID-19; Diaphragm; Heart Failure; Hernia; SARS-Cov2-2019; Stress; Yoga


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Citation: Kerna NA, Flores JV, Chawla S, Brown SM, Anderson II J, Holets HM, Carsrud NDV, Roberson R, Nwokorie U, Pruitt KD. “The Breath of Life: Breathing Techniques as Effective ‘Medicine’”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine 11.3 (2022): 16-27.

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