Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 3 - 2021
Impact of Comprehensive Smoke-Free Policy on Some Respiratory Diseases in Georgia
George Bakhturidze1*, Kakha Gvinianidze2, Nana Peikrishvili1, Lela Sturua3 and Ivane Chkhaidze4
1FCTC implementation and monitoring center in Georgia
2WHO office in Georgia
3National Center for Diseases Control of Georgia
4Georgian Respiratory Association, Georgia
*Corresponding Author: George Bakhturidze, FCTC implementation and monitoring center in Georgia.
Received: January 28, 2021; Published: February 15, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Second-hand smoking (SHS) among adults is also linked with increased risks of several health problems including respiratory systems (asthma, chronic respiratory symptoms, decreased pulmonary function, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases). More than 1.2 million death are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Tobacco use in Georgia causes 11,400 deaths annually, among them - at least 2,100 are among nonsmokers.

Georgia made step forward in 2017 and adopted new amendments on tobacco control legislation, which mostly corresponds to the FCTC requirements. Among other changes in the regulations is ban of smoking in public buildings and public transport with a few exemptions.

The aim of the study is to analyze data before and after comprehensive smoke-free policy and observe proper changes regarding respiratory health impacts.

Methods: We used logical model for data collection and analyze. The model evaluates different data sources logically. We collected data from different sources before (baseline) and after one year and half of entering into force new tobacco control regulations. Assessment of outcome is based on the combination of secondary analysis of routine health and epidemiological data as well as researches commissioned to address respiratory diseases.

Results: The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases decreased in 2017 by 21% to compare with 2016 and then after smoke-free policy, COPD incidence decreased in 2019 by 12% to compare with 2017. The incidence of asthma and asthma status in general population decreased in 2019 by 15% to compare with 2017 and by 29% to compare with 2018. Serious decline in asthma status we have among children during 2018-2019 to compare with 2017. In 2018 the incidence declined by 46% to compare with 2017 and in 2019 it declined by 48% to compare with 2017.

Conclusion: Comprehensive smoke-free policy with high level of compliance (95%+) had positive impact on the decline of SHS exposure and tremendous improvement of indoor air quality in public places and promotes decreases of illnesses related to acute pulmonary (COPD, Asthma) in Georgia.

 

Keywords: Impact of Comprehensive; Some Respiratory; Diseases in Georgia

References

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Citation: George Bakhturidze. “Impact of Comprehensive Smoke-Free Policy on Some Respiratory Diseases in Georgia”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine 10.3 (2021): 07-12.

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