Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 7 - 2020
Beliefs and Attitudes of Health Professionals toward Death and Euthanasia
Piperidou Maria1*, Agoritsa Varaklioti2, Pavlos Sarafis3 and Philip Domeyer2
1ICU Department of the General Hospital Polygyros of the Provincial Halkidiki North of Hellas, EAP-Hellenic Open University, Greece
2Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Health Management, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece
3Assistant Professor, School of Health Science, Department of Nursing, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus
*Corresponding Author: Piperidou Maria, ICU Department of the General Hospital Polygyros of the Provincial Halkidiki North of Hellas, EAP-Hellenic Open University, Greece.
Received: June 06, 2020; Published: June 24, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Euthanasia and assisted suicide are important issue, with conflicting views in the medical community and a variable legal frame work from country to country.

The purpose of thiw thesis is to explore attitudes of physicians and nurses on euthanasia and their attidutes toward the death and to attempt to link these two views.

Materials and Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 126 physicians and nurses whose views were investigated with the use of the Euthanasia Attitude Scale (EAS) and the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R). Data were analyzed using SPSS v.26 and t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation were used, while Factor Analysis was also used to categorize the varisbles-questions of the two questionnaires.

Results: The majority of the participants were nurses (n = 82, 65,1%), while 34,9% (n = 44) were physicians. 73,8% of the sample believe that a person suffering from painful end-stage disease should have the right to refuse treatment that extends their life and in this context, 65,9% do not feel negative about a person who hastens the death of a loved one. Thus, 72,2% believe that there should be legal ways in which a person coild pre-aprove his death. Overall, individuals in the sample reported a score of nearly 80 on the EAS scale indicating a marginally positive attitude toward euthanasia, which appeared to be lower in those with doctorate (p = 0,029). On the contrary, no correlation was found between euthanasia views and resondents attitudes toward death. Moreover, the factor analysis gave 4 dimensions to the EAS questionnaire, while to the DAP-R questionnaire, gave 5 dimensions. These dimensions seemed to be strongly correlated with the overall questionnaires, althouth the individual correlations between them were weak.

Concusion: The findings of the present study show the physicians and nusrses in the sample were marginally positive for euthanasia and assisted suicide.

Keywords: Euthanasia; Doctors and Nurses; Attitudes to Death

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Citation: Piperidou Maria., et al. “Beliefs and Attitudes of Health Professionals toward Death and Euthanasia”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine 9.7 (2020): 74-88.

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