Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 1 - 2020
Burden of Carers for Elderly People in Greece. Proposals to Alleviate it through Restructuring of the Care Model
T Vorvolakos1*, A Arre2, E Iliadou2, F Keskeridou2, N Roumelioti2, P Toufexi2 and M Samakouri1
1Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece
2Master of Science Program in Social Psychiatry, Democritus University of Thrace School of Medicine, Greece
*Corresponding Author: T Vorvolakos, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece.
Received: November 10, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019




Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was the assessment of Alzheimer patients carers burden in order illustrate the need of actions to alleviate this burden from the carers and also to describe some of these actions as they are suggested in National Action Plan for Dementia-Alzheimer’s Disease.

Method: The assessment of Dementia patients carers as well as Non Dementia elderly carers in various sites in Greece from urban and rural areas regarding their burden and quality of life using Zarit and SF-36 scales retrospectively as well as checking for various demographic data regarding these two groups

Results: Overall 164 carers were assessed. Out of them 93 dementia cares and 71 non-dementia carers. Carers with patients suffering from dementia have a decrease quality of life p = 0,009. It was shown that the carers age for both groups was correlated significantly with increased burden and decreased quality of life p = ,002 and p = ,012 retrospectively. It was also shown that there is a greater burden for the male carers p = ,033 as well as greater decrease in quality of life if the patient with dementia was male p = ,002. Finally, there was statistically significant difference regarding residence. Elderly suffering from dementia is more likely to live in an urban environment p = ,003.

Conclusion: Carvers burden is a complicated and multifactorial phenomenon. It seems that male gender of the patient, age of the carer and male gender of carer increase carers burden and decrease quality of life. It is also discussed in the paper that due to the fact that dementia care decreases quality of life for the carers and since carers themselves gradually are more stressed by patients care a number of measures to reduce these burden are proposed in the National Action Plan for Dementia-Alzheimer’s Disease. The most important of them are legislation changes, treatment protocols and guidelines in order for them to be more prepared to deal with the later stages of disease. Restructuring of the care home framework that will allow respite and short admissions for the patients as well as easy access for every one and also end of life units in order to support the patients and their carers at the end stages of the disease.

Keywords: Elderly; Carers; Burden; Dementia; Care Homes

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Citation: T Vorvolakos., et al. “Burden of Carers for Elderly People in Greece. Proposals to Alleviate it through Restructuring of the Care Model”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.1 (2020): 01-08.

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