Research Article
Volume 1 Issue 4 - 2016
The Symphony of OAM (Optimism Attitude Model) Impacting Performance and Mental Health
Padmakali Banerjee and Amita Puri*
Amity University, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
*Corresponding Author: Amita Puri, Amity University, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
Received: September 26, 2016; Published: November 21, 2016
Citation: Padmakali Banerjee and Amita Puri. “The Symphony of OAM (Optimism Attitude Model) Impacting Performance and Mental Health”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 1.4 (2016): 149-157.
Abstract
Various concepts of optimism and employee engagement have been discussed in the area of management. The studies may be limited but more people are now taking interest in the area of optimism. Since 2000 onwards, more work is being done related to employee engagement as a means of improving the welfare of the employees in general and enhancing productivity in particular. This concept has generated lot of interest among the researchers, organizations and corporate whose thinking hats keep on working overtime to find more innovative measures to enhance the incomes / output magically and in a shorter span of time. This paper talks about the concept of OAM - Optimistic Attitude Model in bringing about a change in the perception of the employees/ individuals regarding their task, developing a sense of ownership with the task and ultimately achieving success. This model was examined with senior secondary students in the academic setting and the results have been encouraging. Results indicate that when students work as per the counseling interventions done as per OAM – Optimistic Attitude Model, the overall academic performance of the students improve significantly. The future implications of OAM are enumerated in detail in the present paper.
Keywords: Optimism; Engagement; Student Performance; OAM - Optimistic Attitude Model
Introduction
“I will say this is about being an optimist, even when things don’t turn out well, you are certain they will get better.”
-Frank Hughes

Optimism is the elixir of human life. This attitude helps us to feel the warmth of the sun’s rays even when the sky is overcast with dark gloomy clouds and the sun is nowhere to be seen.
‘Optimism’ signifies the driving force to move towards the achievement of other elements. It acts as a tool, as a construct and theory to comprehend and advance the factors affecting well-being of the individual. The concept is also used in several connotations in the areas of Management and Psychology. It has its implications at the industry at large and towards the development of well-being, hope and resilience at an individual level. Overall, Optimism enhances the mental health of institutions and individuals alike and ultimately leads to success.
Martin Seligman – who has done lots of work in the area, and father of Positive Psychology, defines Optimism as reacting to problems with a sense of confidence and high personal ability.
Optimistic people believe that negative events/ setbacks are in fact temporary, limited in scope and can be dealt with efficiently. Situations do not necessarily have to be seen as pervading every aspect of the individual’s life. And it needs to be remembered that Optimism, much like any other state or characteristic, exists on a continuum. It is possible for people to change their level of Optimism depending upon the situation they are in. It is just a perspective and with conscious shift of perspective, one can invite more happiness and sense of well-being in one’s life.
Researches have shown that Pessimist people tend to view problems as internal, unchangeable and pervasive and hence are more prone to develop depression, stress and anxiety.
Optimism, on the other hand, has been supported by empirical evidence that this attitude serves as a protective factor against depression and other severe medical ailments as Coronary heart Disease, high blood pressure, diabetes (Tindler, 2009).

Figure 1: Optimism Attitude Model (OAM).

Optimism Attitude Model (OAM)
After working in the field for more than a decade, Banerjee (2016) [1] has developed Optimism Index (Oi - A predictor tool for success) based on the model for success which she has named as OAM - Optimism Attitude Model.
Banerjee (2016) [1] opines that the development of the attitude of Optimism needs to be instilled at the school level by the teachers and parents so that the same attitude becomes a natural trait as the child grows into a confident and mature adult. Thus, the endeavor at the childhood stage should be to let this attitude develop as a natural instinct/ trait and becomes a part of the child’s unconscious personality. The degree to which a person is able to develop this attitude will determine his future altitude at personal and professional levels interms of future success.
Initially, it’s a conscious effort on the part of the individual to develop this attitude. Later on it becomes an unconscious and natural part of his personality. This transition happens in such a way that this confident person will be able to say with nonchalance;
“Be still, sad heart and cease repining
Behind the clouds is sun still shining.”
Who can stop the success of such an optimistic individual?
Based on this model, Banerjee (2016) has developed Optimism index (Oi – A predictor tool for success). Some of the salient features of this measure are:
• The test is simple, easy to administer and scoring along with interpretation is fairly simple too and reveals exciting inner X ray picture of oneself in a comprehensible manner which will benefit both the individuals and organizations immensely.
• It covers all age groups - adolescents, young adults, middle aged and geriatrics, all occupations as Oi presents a X ray picture of the individual in terms of present level of psychological sturdiness and mental make-up.
• Scoring and interpretation of result along with implications are given in a very simple, colorful and lucid manner which will develop confidence in the readers as they will be able to have a connect with the test and will be able to use it for enhancing their personal and professional growth.
• The unique feature of Oi is that the individual is able to easily comprehend the strengths and weaknesses in his persona and can work on the same to develop a more harmonious aspects of his personality
• It has sturdy psychometric properties and gives one global optimism index along with scores on five other dimensions, namely Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaningfulness and Accomplishment.

Figure 2: OAM – Optimism Attitude Model.

This index will rate the ‘Optimism’ factor of the organization, group or an individual and which will facilitate to know how focused and well directed the approach is to bring well-being and happiness to life. The model will indicate how ‘Optimism’ can enhance the other variables of 0i which is. Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaningfulness and Accomplishment thereby building resilience and inviting success in one’s life.
Thus, 0i acts as an ENABLER to enhance one’s self-worth with a scientific way to train one’s mind. It’s a proactive tool to help become the individual more resilient to handle any stressful situation with enhanced cognitive functioning and accomplishing his tasks to perfection.
Is it possible?
Yes its possible with 0i
Usage of Oi - A Predictor Tool For Success
(Who benefits from this measure)
The range of this test is quite wide. This test can be used with children above 12 years of age, to young adults, middle aged persons and even reaching the geriatric populace.
It’s a developmental and screening tool which identifies the areas which need to be worked upon, at the same time providing the areas of strength which may be tapped still further for incessant, continuous success of the individual and the organizations alike.
This test has utility in various areas of one’s life cutting across the barriers of age, gender, culture and occupations.
Lets have a look at some of its usages in different dimensions of life.
• There is a felt need by the Organizations’ - Companies for recruitment of those employees who will prove to be an asset and enhance the profits considerably, in a shorter span. Thus, for recruitment, performance appraisal and retention of employees, the employers realize the need for a good measure which can assess with least degree of error.
But it is not readily available in the market.
• It is now widely recognized more than ever that Quality teachers will lead to good quality in education. Thus, for in service and preservice teachers, selection of teachers and teacher educators, their performance appraisal and evaluation of incremental increase after FDP’s (Faculty Development Programs) is being seen as an important need of the hour.
• For assessing adolescents’ mental health status in terms of student engagement, identifying and screening children at risk for suicidal ideation, developing their self-esteem, enhancing their overall happiness and well-being is being recognized as a very significant aspect of education which deals with harmonious development of the individual child.
• A test which counselors can use - whether in school or in private practice, which has sturdy psychometric properties, which can screen individuals for working on various dimensions of Optimism as well as to enhance their mental health status and also even to understand their present levels of engagement and resilience, is in fact, an important need today.
• In health sector, working with terminally ill patients, the doctors are often in a dilemma about the prognosis of an individual patient as the quality of life and prognosis also depends
• on the patient’s compliance and resilience power. The doctors too require a measuring instrument which can quickly and reliably assess the patient’s optimistic inner levels which will define success in drug therapy.
• In Psychotherapy too, the doctors see plenty of cases on ADHD, ADD, parenting concerns, anorexia nervosa, bulimia, under achievement, over achievers, learning disabilities, stress, anxiety and depression along with severe psychiatric issues. Many researches also share concerns on the success of therapy which depends on the level of optimism shown by patients along with their caregivers/ significant others.
• In defense, there is an important issue of recruiting good officers who display strong leadership qualities, can motivate others and remain optimistic at all times. Even during training of soldiers who work under extreme conditions for months altogether, away from their families, individuals who are more optimistic are likely to face extreme terrains with remarkable resilience than some others who give way to momentary surge of heroism and strong emotions resulting in many unfortunate casualties.
• In Higher Education at IIT’s, IIM’s, NIT’s and IIIT’s , Medical Institutions etc, for selection of PhD scholars MD students et al, a test which can measure their mental sturdiness and resilience – to be able to work for long hours in a sustained manner for some years, despite setbacks , has been recognized as an important need by various Heads of such institutions.
Oi: A predictor for future success assesses all this and more in a shorter span with sturdy psychometric properties.
• For Corporate - This test is of immense value to corporate whether its the employer or the employee. KR (Knowledge of results) on this test help them to develop effective PB (positive organisational behaviour).
Employees are able to comprehend to an extent;
• why their stamina is going down,
• why they do not feel like coming to work;
• why do they lose their temper more often,
• Why their motivation to work is slipping’
• Why their need for achievement is going down
• Why do they get bored so easily
• Why there is lack of concentration in doing work..... etc
This is the time for them to introspect in retrospect the things/ issues which are pulling them down. It also makes them sit up as they realise that something drastic needs to be done up fast so that they are able to reach to their optimum levels of work life balance.
This test is also useful for employers in terms of recruitment and incremental purposes.
Every employer wants an employee who is high on mental health domains while being recruited as he/she is going to be an asset to the organisation. Also, the test scores help in determining where the individual is standing in terms of present state of optimism – an important ingredient which is beneficial for their organisation. This will help them in decision making in terms of giving the right increment to the right employee.
Therefore, if the test scores are put to right use, this will greatly enhance the work climate in terms of employee satisfaction as the employers will be able to make various judicious decisions which will ultimately have a positive impact on the organisation’s productivity, profitability, reaching targets while reducing employee absenteeism and negativism.
Thus, this test helps to activate the untapped power of the engaged staff too.
• In Sports, its very necessary to develop a winning attitude. And this attitude comes from the level of Optimism an individual possesses. The good news is that this attitude can be learnt. So, in sports too, while selecting the team and the coach, it’s very important to measure their present levels of Optimism and also the incremental increase in their levels of optimism after training.
For this, a short, stable, reliable and valid measure need to be used which can do an accurate profile analysis of a person.
Oi 1.1 is the answer to this problem as well.
Thus, we see that Oi has an immense scope with varied populations, age groups, occupations, gender and is also cross culturally relevant.
Hypothesis: Individual Optimism is a significant positive predictor of student’s academic performance and mental health.
Method
Participants and Procedure
40 adolescents studying in senior secondary school were taken for the present study. Their academic performance in terms of percentages in the previous team were taken as the pre-intervention scores. Their scores on SPPI (Student Personal Problem Index) and PGI Well Being Scale were taken before the intervention process.
They were met by the investigators’ team over a two-month period, twice a week for an hour’s interaction as part of the interventional program where OAT (Optimism Attitude Therapy) was used to instill the attitude of Optimism in them so that they are able to enhance their confidence and boost up the self-esteem. It was hypothesized that there will be a significant change in their academic performance and mental health variables as a result of OAT during the interventional program.
Analyses and Results
Descriptive statistics including Mean, Standard Deviation and t test were used to find out if the results were statistically significant or not.
The results are shown in table 1.
Test Mean 1 Mean2 SD1 SD2 t value Level of significance
WB 7.9 14.5 3.7 3.9 4.92** 0.01
SPPI 15.0 7.6 4.1 3.3 5.64** 0.01
AcAch 61.8 68.9 7.1 7.5 3.38** 0.01
Table 1: Significance of difference between means of 40 students on the test PGI Well Being Scale and Students Personal Problem Index along with their academic record before and after the Intervention.

Graph 1: Shows the scores on mental health variables and academic achievement of 40 students Before and After the Intervention.

Discussion
The results clearly indicate that Optimism does impact performance, positively. A perusal of table 1 clearly evinces that measures of mental health variables go up as a result of interventional therapy along with the academic achievement. OAT – Optimism Attitude Therapy was used for this study. Based on OAM – Optimism Attitude Model.
The students were made to visualize themselves as competent, confident and achieving despite temporary setbacks. They were asked to believe what they could visualize and remain optimistic come what may. Gradually, this thought process was conditioned in their unconscious level along with emphasis on hard work done regularly and consistently. This was the main aspect of the therapeutic program each of these 40 children were put on for 2 months. And the results clearly evinced significant change in their mental health status and academic achievement before and after the therapeutic intervention.
This indicates that the Optimism Attitude Therapy works well with adolescents as they had responded well to this therapy. This has plenty of implications for school teachers and parents and management of the school. Optimism as an attitude needs to be consciouslyinstilled in the young minds at the school level so that these children grow up to be more mature, independent, confident adults who do not develop suicidal ideations, depression, anxiety, panic, despondency at the smallest setbacks which at times result in frustrated aggressive tendencies which is not good not only for the individual but also for the society at large.
Of course, one should be cautious of developing over optimism too, just as over confidence is not a desirable trait. But within moderations, its desirable to develop the attitude of Optimism at all age levels which will ultimately get reflected in the prosperity of the Nation too. Healthy people, who are emotionally, physically, mentally, socially healthy, can contribute in the Nation’s prosperity. Therefore, it will certainly pay dividends and an economically viable proposition too, when the Nation invests in the mental well-being of its people.
Suggestions for Future Research
Although the findings of the study are encouraging, several shortcomings of the present research should also be taken into account. Firstly, the sample size is too less and the therapeutic intervention itself contain many biases. Probably with a larger sample the results could be different and more interesting.
Secondly, the sample was taken from one school and from one area. Again, they results could yield more interesting results sample from more than one school and taken from different parts of the country as well.
A longitudinal study, over a period of time with more psychological variables would also be more fruitful in yielding different results. Effect of age and gender is another dimension which needs to be studied in detail and which has a far-reaching consequences for parenting issues and teaching learning processes at the school level itself [2-28].
Bibliography
  1. BanerjeeP., et al. et al. “Construction of a test on optimism index: Peroma Perspective”. Journal of psychology and Clinical psychiatry 5.6 (2016).
  2. Allison PJ., et al. “Dispositional optimism predicts survival status 1 year after diagnosis in head and neck cancer patients”. Journal of Clinical Oncology21.3 (2003): 543-548.
  3. Andrade E B and Ho T H. “Gaming emotions in social interactions”. Journal of Consumer Research 36 (2009).
  4. Ashkanasy N M., et al. “Bad apples in bad barrels revisited: cognitive moral development, just world beliefs, rewards, and ethical decision making”. Business Ethics Quarterly 16.4 (2006): 449-473.
  5. Aspinwall LG., et al. Understanding how optimism works: an examination of optimists’ adaptive moderation of belief and behaviour”. In: Chang EC, editor. Optimism and pessimism. Washington: American Psychological Association (2001): 217-238.
  6. Barger P B and Grandey A A. “Service with a smile and encounter satisfaction: emotional contagion and appraisal mechanisms”. The Academy of Management Journal 49.6 (2006): 1229-1238.
  7. Baron R A. “Reducing organizational conflict: an incompatible response approach”. Journal of Applied Psychology 69.2 (1984): 272-279.
  8. Basoglu M., et al. “Single-session behavioral treatment of earthquake-related Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: a randomized waiting list controlled trial”. Journal of Traumatic Stress 18.1 (2005): 1-11.
  9. Batson C D and Powell A A. “Altruism and prosocial behavior”. Handbook of Psychology 3 (2003): 463-484.
  10. Baumeister R F. Motives and costs of self-presentation in organizations”. in Impression Management in the Organization, eds Giacalone R. A., Rosenfeld P., editors. (Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates;) (1989): 57-71.
  11. Boman P and Yates GC. “Optimism, hostility, and adjustment in the first year of high school”. British Journal of Educational Psychology 71.3 (2001): 401-411.
  12. Braverman MT. “Research on resilience and its implications for tobacco prevention”. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 1.1 (1999): S67-S72.
  13. Caprara G V., et al. “Looking for adolescents’ well-being: Self-efficacy beliefs as determinants of positive thinking and happiness”. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale 15.1 (2006): 30-43.
  14. Carmody J and Baer R A. “Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program”. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 31.1 (2007): 23-33.
  15. Carnevale P J D and Isen A M. “The influence of positive affect and visual access on the discovery of integrative solutions in bilateral negotiation”. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 37.1 (1986): 1-13.
  16. Carver C., et al. “Optimism”. In Handbook of Positive Psychology, New York, Oxford (2002).
  17. Cataldo P. “Thinking Ahead: Why keeping staff engaged matters”. Centre Daily Times (2011).
  18. Cummins RA. “Comprehensive quality of life scale: intellectual disability. 3rd ed, revised”. Melbourne: Deakin University: Psychology Research Centre(1992).
  19. Dawson J F and Richter A W. ““Probing three-way interactions in moderated multiple regression: development and application of a slope difference test”. Journal of Applied Psychology 91.4 (2006): 917-926.
  20. De Gelder B. “Frontiers in emotion science. The grand challenge”. Frontiers in Psychology 1 (2010): 187.
  21. Dunn J R and Schweitzer M E. “Feeling and believing: the influence of emotion on trust” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88.5 (2005): 736-748.
  22. Edwards J R and Parry M E. “On the use of polynomial regression equations as an alternative to difference scores in organizational research”. Academy of Management Journal 36.6 (1993): 1577-1613.
  23. Elena Wong., et al. “Expressing and amplifying emotions facilitate goal attainment in work place interactions”. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (2013): 188.
  24. Ekman P. “Emotions Revealed: Recognizing Faces and Feelings to Improve Communication and Emotional Life”. New York: Henry Holt and Co (2003).
  25. Ellig J and Ellig C. “Change at the Top Can Shatter Employee Morale”. Business Insider (2011).
  26. Forgas J P. “On feeling good and getting your way: mood effects on negotiator cognition and bargaining strategies”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74.3 (1998): 565-577.
  27. Fredrickson B L. “What good are positive emotions?”. Review of General Psychology 2.3 (1998): 300-319.
  28. Fredrickson B L. “The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.Philos”. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 359.1449 (2004): 1367-1378.
Copyright: © 2016 Padmakali Banerjee and Amita Puri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 15, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk