Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 8 - 2021
A Review of Nicotine Dependence Measures
Hamzah M Alghzawi1* and Fatima K Ghanem2
1Medstar Good Samaritan Hospital, Maryland, United States
2Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
*Corresponding Author: Hamzah M Alghzawi, Medstar Good Samaritan Hospital, Maryland, United States.
Received: June 04, 2021; Published: October 29, 2021




Abstract

Background and Purpose: Progress in tobacco dependence research relies on improved nicotine dependence measurement. This study aimed to review and evaluate nicotine dependence measures.

Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO, CINAHL, and Ovid Journal databases were searched, and 12 articles (5 of them are seminal articles) and one book were identified and reviewed.

Results: Two main groups of measures have been developed to assess nicotine dependence: unidimensional measures (focus on one dimension) and multidimensional measures (cover many dimensions). Nicotine dependence measures differ based on various criteria, and there is no ideal measure.

Conclusion: It is important to select the instrument that has appropriate psychometric properties, is suitable for the target population, and reflects the conceptual definition for the construct in which the researcher is interested.

Keywords: Nicotine; Tobacco; Dependence; Scales; Measures; Instruments; Assessment

References

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  3. Zhu J., et al. “Nicotine dependence as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis in the National Lung Screening Trial”. BMC Public Health1 (2019): 1-6.
  4. Goodwin RD., et al. “Predictors of persistent nicotine dependence among adults in the United States”. Drug and Alcohol Dependence2-3 (2011): 127-133.
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  8. Alghzawi H., et al. “Remission from nicotine dependence among people with severe mental illness who received help/services for tobacco/nicotine use”. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 4 (2020): 1-11.‏
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  17. Piper ME., et al. “A multiple motives approach to tobacco dependence: the Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM-68)”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology2 (2004): 139.
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Citation: Hamzah M Alghzawi and Fatima K Ghanem. “A Review of Nicotine Dependence Measures” EC Psychology and Psychiatry 10.11 (2021): 04-14.

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