Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 12 - 2020
Overcoming Teacher Burnout at Special Needs Educational Institutions: Resources for Reflection and on the Meaning of Life
Lyudmila Nikolaevna Molchanova* and Alesya Anatolyevna Kuznetsova
Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Lyudmila Nikolaevna Molchanova, Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russia.
Received: September 16, 2020; Published: November 27, 2020




Abstract

Background: Despite ongoing research interest in burnout, the identification of personal resources to overcome it among teachers at special needs educational institutions has not been sufficiently studied. Psychological practice has specified the need to search for resources for overcoming burnout that are reflective and meaningful - that help teachers explore the meaning of their lives - defining corrective and preventive measures for reflective and meaningful regulation.

Objective of the Study: To study the reflective and meaningful regulation of teacher burnout at special needs educational institution and to evaluate its effectiveness.

Design: Twenty teachers from a special needs educational institution in Kursk, Russian Federation, participated in an experimental study. The researchers took measurements at two time points, baseline and follow-up. At baseline, we made a diagnostic assessment of the teachers’ burnout, life principles, and reflectivity and searched for correlations among these indicators. At follow-up, we evaluated the teachers’ burnout after a program of reflective and meaningful training for prophylaxis and overcoming of burnout.

Results: We demonstrated empirically that Communicative Reflection, Process of Life and Locus of Control-Life were personal resources for overcoming teacher burnout at the special needs educational institutions. The teachers’ perception of life as a process filled with meaningful and interesting elements and their confidence in their own abilities to control and manage it, prevented them from developing emotional exhaustion, while analysis of the communicative process helped them to avoid negative attitudes towards students and colleagues.

Conclusion: Effective and meaningful training program for prophylaxis and overcoming of teacher burnout at a special needs educational institution was developed, tested, and found to be effective.

Keywords: Reflectivity; Life Principles; Meaning of Life; Resources; Psychological Mechanisms of Regulation; Burnout; Reflective and Meaningful Training; Teachers at Special Needs Educational Institutions

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Citation: Lyudmila Nikolaevna Molchanova and Alesya Anatolyevna Kuznetsova. “Overcoming Teacher Burnout at Special Needs Educational Institutions: Resources for Reflection and on the Meaning of Life”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.12 (2020): 04-12.

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