Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 9 - 2020
Preliminary Development of Maladaptive Variants of Five-Factor Model Personality Dimensions Derived from the Item Pool of the ASEBA Youth-Self Report
Robert A Semel*
Licensed Psychologist, Brooklyn, New York, USA
*Corresponding Author: Robert A Semel, Licensed Psychologist, Brooklyn, New York, USA
Received: August 04, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020




Abstract

This study represents the first known attempt to operationalize maladaptive variants of the Five-Factor Model of personality (FFM) by indexing items from the ASEBA Youth Self-Report (YSR) using the normative YSR data set (N = 1057). Proxy scales of personality pathology from the YSR might serve to complement the traditional syndrome scales for research purposes. The existence of large archival databases of Youth Self-Reports could provide opportunities for both retrospective as well as concurrent and prospective study of personality in youth through use of a valid personality measure derived from the Youth Self-Report. Four trait domain scales (excluding Openness) were developed in this study in accordance with the constructs of the “Big Five” model or FFM, as well as the DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD). The fifth trait scale, labeled “Atypical Experiences”, was intended to be aligned with the Psychoticism trait domain of the AMPD. The five preliminary scales that were developed ranged from good to acceptable internal consistency reliability. Exploratory Factor Analyses (subset sample n = 377) were followed by Confirmatory Factor Analyses (subset sample n = 700). Four of five CFA models required re-specification to achieve good model fit. Four models demonstrated full metric invariance by gender; the fifth CFA model demonstrated partial metric invariance. Only one CFA model demonstrated full scalar invariance. The proxy FFM scales were analyzed in an independent small sample data set from adjudicated juvenile delinquents (n = 77) who were undergoing psychological evaluation for court. Preliminary convergent and discriminant validity were suggested for several FFM scales. In comparison to the normative sample, the juvenile delinquent sample obtained significantly higher scores on Antagonism and Detachment and a significantly lower score on Neuroticism. Methodological limitations are discussed, along with suggestions for further research in this area.

Keywords: Five Factor Model of Personality; Maladaptive Personality; Youth Self-Report; DSM-5

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Citation: Robert A Semel. “Preliminary Development of Maladaptive Variants of Five-Factor Model Personality Dimensions Derived from the Item Pool of the ASEBA Youth-Self Report”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.8 (2020): 60-80.

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