Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 11 - 2020
Aspects Related with Cognitive Impairment in Children with Epilepsy
Mimoza Maloku Kuqi1, Hazir Elshani2, Eglantina Dervishi3* and Silva Ibrahimi4 
1Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Kosovo
2Office for Psychological Issues, Municipal Directorate of Education, Albania
3Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
4Department of Psychology, Albanian University, Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding Author: Eglantina Dervishi, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania.
Received: June 07, 2020; Published: October 31, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: The focus of the present study is to identify the effects of cognitive impairment and how children with epilepsy copes with them.

Methods: A sample of 100 epileptic patients (N = 55) female and (N = 45) male, aged between 6 and 11 years. Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA) and Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices (IQ) to children with epilepsy, were used for the development of research.

Results: Patients with epilepsy in general experience low levels of cognitive impairments, a normal average of IQ. There is a significant negative relation between neurological problems (r = -. 666, p ≤ 0.01), in addition to electroencephalogram (EEG) and structural neuroimaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (r = -. 560, p ≤ 0.01) and cognitive development. IQ is an important indicator of cognitive development and how the children cope with others.

Conclusion: The cause of cognitive impairment in patients with epilepsy seems to be multifactorial, factors as the type of epilepsy, age of first seizure, frequency of seizures, duration of epilepsy, and its treatment are considered important. Studies shows that cognitive impairment before the first recognized seizure and microstructural and functional alteration of the brain at onset of epilepsy suggest the influence of neurobiological mechanism between epilepsy and cognitive comorbidity, coefficient of intelligence (IQ) in patients with epilepsy.

Keywords: Epilepsy; Children; Cognitive Impairments; General Intelligence; Behavioral Problems

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Citation: Eglantina Dervishi., et al. “Aspects Related with Cognitive Impairment in Children with Epilepsy”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.11 (2020): 115-126.

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