Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 7 - 2020
Gender Differences in Anxiety and Depression of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Submitted to Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Cecilia Melo Rosa Tavares*, Selma D Squassoni, Nadine C Machado, Julia Fiss, Elie Fiss and Monica S Lapa
Department of Pneumology Discipline, Centro Universitario Saude ABC, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Cecilia Melo Rosa Tavares, Department of Pneumology Discipline, Centro Universitario Saude ABC, Brazil.
Received: April 27, 2020; Published: June 18, 2020


Objective: To compare the benefits of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP) between men and women with COPD regarding levels of anxiety and depression, quality of life and physical performance.

Design: Nonrandomized controlled trial. Patients were assessed by Saint George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SRQG), the six-minute walk test(6MWT), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) before (pre-PRP) and three months after (post-PRP) PRP.

Setting: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center.

Participants: Thirty-three patients were evaluated pre-PRP and post-PRP. Five of thirty-eight patients were excluded because they found it difficult to attend the sessions.

Interventions: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP).

Main Outcome Measure(s): Men improved their depression and anxiety. Women improved their quality of life and both genders performed better in the 6MWT.

Results: Men patients improved their depression score (BDI: pre-PRP: 19.6 ± 9.2, post-PRP: 15.3 ± 9.3, p < 0.05), decreased their anxiety score (PRP-pre: 15.9 ± 12.8, post-PRP: 11.8 ± 10.1, p < 0.05) and didn´t improve the quality of life after PRP. Women showed no improvement on their depression (pre-PRP: 20.3 ± 8.9, post-PRP: 18 ± 8.1, p ≥ 0.05) and anxiety (pre-PRP: 15.2 ± 11.6, post-PRP: 12.9 ± 13.1, p ≥ 0.05), but improved their quality of life (pre-PRP: 33,2 ± 12; post-PRP: 20.3 ± 12.6, p < 0.05). Both genders improved their performance in the 6MWT (Men: pre-PRP: 349 ± 101.4m, post-PRP: 379.7 ± 87.1m, p < 0.05; Women: pre-PRP: 361.8 ± .85.9, post -PRP: 390.5 ± 61.5, p < 0.05).

Conclusion: This study indicates that men and women respond differently to the PRP.

Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Anxiety; Depression; Quality of Life; Pulmonary Rehabilitation


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Citation: Cecilia Melo Rosa Tavares., et al. “Gender Differences in Anxiety and Depression of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Submitted to Pulmonary Rehabilitation”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.7 (2020): 53-60.

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