Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 6 - 2020
Systematic Review of Effective Programmes Suicide Prevention in Police
Constanza Londoño Pérez*, Jaime Humberto Moreno Méndez, Eliana Ivette Ortíz Garzón, María Margarita Rozo, Leidy Lorena Chinchilla Díaz, Daniela Chaparro Restrepo and Cristian Montenegro
Universidad Católica de Colombia, Colombia
*Corresponding Author: Constanza Londoño Pérez, Department of Psychology, Universidad Católica de Colombia, Colombia.
Received: March 30, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020


The main objective of the research is to conduct a systematic review of effective programs on suicide prevention in police officers. 12 scientific investigations were taken into account regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention programs in police officers, published between 2010 and 2019 in the databases: PsyArticles, PubMed, ProQuest Central, MEDLINE and Science Direct. We found 5 quasi-experimental studies, 3 systematic narrative reviews, 2 meta-analyzes and 2 experimental ones, all published in English, in a population almost entirely of men. Possible basic qualitative and quantitative analyzes of the evidence on effective preventive actions were carried out, and a list of preventive recommendations with more evidence about their effectiveness was proposed. It is concluded that the programs must include at least three basic actions of training, accompaniment and the construction of collaborative networks and strengthening of social exchange capacities as the basis for the development of effective preventive actions.

Keywords: Prevention; Programs; Suicide; Police; Systematic Review


  1. Tudela-Poblete P. Police performance evaluation: exploring relationships between public opinion and police work in Chile (2012).
  2. Castillo AL. “Determining factors in the mental health of the active uniformed personnel of the Colombian National Police”. Logos Viencia y Tecnología Magazine1 (2009): 57-66.
  3. Shelef L., et al. “An effective suicide prevention program in the Israel Defense Forces: a cohort study”. European Psychiatry 31 (2016): 37-43.
  4. World Health Organization. “Suicide prevention, a global imperative”. Washington, DC: OPS (2014).
  5. Pan American Health Organization. “Suicide mortality in the Americas” (2014).
  6. Colombia National Police. (s.f). My life my passion - Commanders and middle managers (2010).
  7. Rodríguez A., et al. “Suicidal ideation and associated factors in a group of police officers from Pereira-Colombia”. The Agora 2 (2013): 411-420.
  8. Lombana A. “Determining factors in the mental health of the active uniformed personnel of the Colombian National Police”. Logos Science and Technology Magazine1 (2009).
  9. Forensic Science. “Forensis 2011: data for life (Report to the press)”. Bogotá (2011).
  10. Merikangas KR., et al. “Prevalence and correlates of bipolar spectrum disorder in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative”. Archive General of Psychiatry3 (2011): 241-251.
  11. Londoño C., et al. “Symptoms of depression in men”. Universitas Psychologica4 (2017): 1-19.
  12. World Health Organization. “Suicide prevention, a tool for front line police, fire and other first responders” (2009).
  13. Vidal Ledo M., et al. “Systematic reviews”. Higher Medical Education1 (2015): 198-207.
  14. Mishara BL and Martin N. “Effects of a comprehensive police suicide prevention program”. Crisis (2012).
  15. Ghoncheh R., et al. “Suicide prevention e-learning modules designed National Institute of Legal Medicine”. Crisis3 (2014): 176-185.
  16. Burnette C Ramchand and R Ayer L. “Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention”. Rand Health 5 (2015): 1.
  17. Biolatto L. “Strategies with adolescents to prevent problematic alcohol consumption: modalities and areas of application”. Towards Health Promotion2 (2018): 48-66.
  18. Foxcroft DR and Tsertsvadze A. “Universal multi-component prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9 (2011): CD009307.
  19. Ministry of Health and Social Protection. National suicide prevention program (2013).
  20. World Health Organization. Suicide prevention an instrument for primary health care workers (2008).
  21. Knox KL., et al. “The US Air Force suicide prevention program: implications for public health policy”. American Journal of Public Health 12 (2010): 2457-2463.
  22. Petrovic A., et al. “P-1437-Police training as suicide prevention strategy: Preliminary results from Slovenia”. European Psychiatry 27 (2012): 1.
  23. Thoen MA., et al. “Agency-offered and officer-utilized suicide prevention and wellness programs: a national study”. Psychological Services2 (2019): 129-140.
  24. Conselleria de Sanitat Universale. Living is the way out. Public health (2015).
  25. Pan American Health Organization. Suicide prevention: a global imperative (2014b).
  26. World Health Organization. “MhGAP Intervention Guide for Mental, Neurological and Substance Use Disorders at the Non-Specialized Health Care Level: Version 1.0”. Geneva (2011).
  27. Piedrahita L., et al. “Estrategia de intervención para la prevención del adolescent suicide: school as context”. Towards Health Promotion2 (2012): 136-148.
  28. Arensman E., et al. “Effectiveness of depression - suicidal behavior gatekeeper training among police officers in three European regions: outcomes of the Optimizing suicide prevention Programs and their implementation in Europe (OSPI-Europe) study”. International journal of social psychiatry7 (2016): 651-660.
  29. Marzano L., et al. “Police and suicide prevention”. Crisis3 (2016): 194-204.
  30. Chilean Ministry of Health. Recommendations for the Prevention of Suicidal Behavior in Educational Institutions (2019).
  31. Rocamora A. “Crisis intervention in suicidal behaviors”. 2nd Edition, Desclee de Brower (2016).
  32. European Union within the Public Health Program 2008-2013. Prevention of suicidal behavior and interventions after suicide (2014).
  33. Gate Keepers Program. The Gate Keepers Program (2019).
  34. Milner A., et al. “Workplace suicide prevention: a systematic review of published and unpublished activities”. Health Promotion International1 (2014): 29-37.
  35. Terpstra S., et al. “Suicide prevention gatekeeper training in the Netherlands improves gatekeepers' knowledge of suicide prevention and their confidence to discuss suicidality, an observational study”. BMC Public Health1 (2018).
  36. Witt K Milner., et al. “Effectiveness of suicide prevention programs for emergency and protective services employees: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. American Journal Industrial Medicine4 (2017): 394-407.
Citation: Constanza Londoño Pérez., et al. “Systematic Review of Effective Programmes Suicide Prevention in Police”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.6 (2020): 82-88.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for September Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the September issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 15, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to