Review Article
Volume 9 Issue 6 - 2020
Public Health Policies and Drug Use in Mexico
César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas*
Research and Graduate Division, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, FES Iztacala, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas, Research and Graduate Division, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, FES Iztacala, Mexico.
Received: April 18, 2020; Published: May 16, 2020




Abstract

The consumption of psychoactive drugs for non-medical purposes is common in the world, despite the efforts of the public health policies of the governments of many countries. Simultaneously, other cultural and political problems have been causing many poor countries, such as Mexico, to face periodic epidemics that were thought to have been eradicated, such as measles and tuberculosis, in addition to other diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, depression, suicidal ideation, etc. that can facilitate the use of substances.

Drug use can be caused by different reasons, from recreational use, or as an escape route to certain physical, emotional, academic, or family problems, and they can also be prescribed by doctors to treat health problems (infections, interventions surgical, severe pain, anxiety, insomnia, etc.) as various controlled medications that can be addictive.

Its consumption may also be a side effect of certain strategies used to control social health crises or pandemics, such as having to be isolated at home for weeks or months to control the spread of the coronavirus at present, which can lead to an increase in drug use (already high in itself) and the occurrence of other problems, such as domestic and gender violence (in Mexico, the Ministry of the Interior reports a 100% increase in calls for help due to violence of this type).

Some drugs may be legal, such as alcohol and tobacco, from a certain age of the user. Others can be controlled, while others are illegal, or illegal in some places (like alcohol in Muslim countries, and in others not, like cannabis). Even though in some countries (such as Canada or Uruguay and in some in Europe and the United States) the use of cannabis for recreational purposes has been legalized, its use in Mexico is followed by severe police actions directed at consumers and drug traffickers. A high percentage of the Mexican prison population is made up of young people whose crime has been drug dealing or clandestine consumption.

For this reason, the objective of this work asks if it is necessary to rethink the nature of health policies and addictions, as well as if drug-related policies can be formulated from evidence-based research and how they can help well-being public [1], creating alternative healthy options for their consumption, and avoiding stigmatizing and criminalizing attitudes towards consumers.

Keywords: Public Health Politics; Drugs; Addictions; Stigmatization; Criminalization; Mexico

References

  1. Babor Th., et al. “Drug Policy and the Public Good”. Washington, D.C.: OPS (2010).
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  3. Escohotado A. “General History of Drugs”. Madrid: Editorial Alliance (1998).
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  5. Medina Mora ME., et al. “Alcohol, public policy and legislation in Mexico: History and Current Status”. Mexico: INP (2009b).
  6. Medina Mora M E., et al. “Evaluation of public policies for the control of alcohol abuse in Mexico”. Mexico: INP (2009a).
  7. National system of health; General Death Database 1979-2007; In A. Barra Drug policy in Mexico: prevention, harm reduction and budget reallocation. Perspective No. 1 (2013): 1-10.
  8. De la Fuente J. “Marijuana and Health”. Mexico: FCE (2015).
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  10. Barra A. “Drug policy in Mexico: prevention, harm reduction and budget reallocation”. Perspectives, Mexico: Friedrich Ebert Found (2013): 1-10.
  11. Longest BB. “Health Police Making in the United States” (1998).
  12. Brunn K., et al. “Alcohol control policies in public health perspectives”. Helsinki: The Finish Foundation for alcohol Studies (1975).
  13. Babor Th., et al. “Alcohol No Ordinary Commodity”. Research and Public Police. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2003).
  14. National Development Plan 2014-2024. Government of Mexico.
Citation: César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas. “Public Health Policies and Drug Use in Mexico”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.6 (2020): 63-67.

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