Review Article
Volume 9 Issue 6 - 2020
Public Health Policies and Drug Use in Mexico
César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas*
Research and Graduate Division, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, FES Iztacala, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas, Research and Graduate Division, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, FES Iztacala, Mexico.
Received: April 18, 2020; Published: May 16, 2020


The consumption of psychoactive drugs for non-medical purposes is common in the world, despite the efforts of the public health policies of the governments of many countries. Simultaneously, other cultural and political problems have been causing many poor countries, such as Mexico, to face periodic epidemics that were thought to have been eradicated, such as measles and tuberculosis, in addition to other diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, depression, suicidal ideation, etc. that can facilitate the use of substances.

Drug use can be caused by different reasons, from recreational use, or as an escape route to certain physical, emotional, academic, or family problems, and they can also be prescribed by doctors to treat health problems (infections, interventions surgical, severe pain, anxiety, insomnia, etc.) as various controlled medications that can be addictive.

Its consumption may also be a side effect of certain strategies used to control social health crises or pandemics, such as having to be isolated at home for weeks or months to control the spread of the coronavirus at present, which can lead to an increase in drug use (already high in itself) and the occurrence of other problems, such as domestic and gender violence (in Mexico, the Ministry of the Interior reports a 100% increase in calls for help due to violence of this type).

Some drugs may be legal, such as alcohol and tobacco, from a certain age of the user. Others can be controlled, while others are illegal, or illegal in some places (like alcohol in Muslim countries, and in others not, like cannabis). Even though in some countries (such as Canada or Uruguay and in some in Europe and the United States) the use of cannabis for recreational purposes has been legalized, its use in Mexico is followed by severe police actions directed at consumers and drug traffickers. A high percentage of the Mexican prison population is made up of young people whose crime has been drug dealing or clandestine consumption.

For this reason, the objective of this work asks if it is necessary to rethink the nature of health policies and addictions, as well as if drug-related policies can be formulated from evidence-based research and how they can help well-being public [1], creating alternative healthy options for their consumption, and avoiding stigmatizing and criminalizing attitudes towards consumers.

Keywords: Public Health Politics; Drugs; Addictions; Stigmatization; Criminalization; Mexico


  1. Babor Th., et al. “Drug Policy and the Public Good”. Washington, D.C.: OPS (2010).
  2. Escohotado A. “The creation of the Problem”. Spanish Journal of Sociological Research 34 (1986): 23-56.
  3. Escohotado A. “General History of Drugs”. Madrid: Editorial Alliance (1998).
  4. Astorga L. “The Century of Drugs. From the Porfiriato to the new millennium”. Mexico: Penguin Random House (2016).
  5. Medina Mora ME., et al. “Alcohol, public policy and legislation in Mexico: History and Current Status”. Mexico: INP (2009b).
  6. Medina Mora M E., et al. “Evaluation of public policies for the control of alcohol abuse in Mexico”. Mexico: INP (2009a).
  7. National system of health; General Death Database 1979-2007; In A. Barra Drug policy in Mexico: prevention, harm reduction and budget reallocation. Perspective No. 1 (2013): 1-10.
  8. De la Fuente J. “Marijuana and Health”. Mexico: FCE (2015).
  9. NIDA. Marijuana (2017).
  10. Barra A. “Drug policy in Mexico: prevention, harm reduction and budget reallocation”. Perspectives, Mexico: Friedrich Ebert Found (2013): 1-10.
  11. Longest BB. “Health Police Making in the United States” (1998).
  12. Brunn K., et al. “Alcohol control policies in public health perspectives”. Helsinki: The Finish Foundation for alcohol Studies (1975).
  13. Babor Th., et al. “Alcohol No Ordinary Commodity”. Research and Public Police. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2003).
  14. National Development Plan 2014-2024. Government of Mexico.
Citation: César Augusto Carrascoza Venegas. “Public Health Policies and Drug Use in Mexico”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.6 (2020): 63-67.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

April Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the April issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before April 26, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to