Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 3 - 2020
Music Performance Anxiety: Pilot Study with Gender Endocrine Biomarkers
Sérgio de Figueiredo Rocha*
Music Department, Federal University from São João del Rei, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Sérgio de Figueiredo Rocha, Music Department, Federal University from São João del Rei, Brazil.
Received: December 11, 2019; Published: February 29, 2020


Background: Musical-performance anxiety (MPA) is a manifestation with high prevalence among musicians. The scientific literature points to a consistent difference between genders, registering a ratio of 3:1. Evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is related to anxiety. 

Objectives: This study aimed to examine gender differences in the concentrations of ACTH and cortisol and their association with MPA. 

Methods: The validated version for Portuguese Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory (K-MPAI) was applied in 140 subjects. In the polar groups (10% from each edge of the distribution) dosages of cortisol and ACTH were applied. 

Results: There was no significant difference inside the group that had the lowest score. However, in the group that achieved the highest score, men showed significantly lower KMPAI results than women (p ≤ 0.01). The same occurred with blood concentrations of ACTH (p ≤ 0.05). However, serum concentrations of cortisol in the male group were significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05). 

Conclusion: These results indicate that possibly there are other factors that modulate the performance anxiety and may explain other gender differences. It is hoped that this study may contribute to initiatives aimed at improving mental conditions in musical performance.

Keywords: Anxiety Disorders; Performance Anxiety; Social Phobia; Musical Performance; Biomarkers


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Citation: Sérgio de Figueiredo Rocha. “Music Performance Anxiety: Pilot Study with Gender Endocrine Biomarkers”. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 9.3 (2020): 01-05.

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