Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 9 - 2022
Prevalence of Rotavirus among Children with Acute Gastroenteritis in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan
Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed1*, Samia O Massaad2*, Amani Mustafa Elbadawi3, Omer Elhory4, Rabie A Babiker5 and Saeed M Omar6
1Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan
2Assistant Professor and Chair, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan
3Ministry of Health, Gadarif state, Sudan
4Department of Pediatrics, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, KSA
5Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan
6Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University and Samia O Massaad, Assistant Professor and Chair, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gadarif, Sudan.
Received: July 04, 2022; Published: August 10, 2022




Abstract

Background: Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis and severe dehydration among children of less than five years. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection among children under-five years hospitalized with acute diarrhea, Gadarif state eastern Sudan.

Methods: This was a cross sectional hospital based study conducted at Gadarif pediatrics teaching hospital from 1st June to 31st December 2018, to study the prevalence rate in 40 patients referring to a pediatric hospital.

Results: Rotavirus was detected by ELISA in 40 (27.8%) of the 144 stool samples. 26 (65%) were male and 14 (35%) were female (Figure 1), with male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Most of the patients 17 (42.5%) with rotavirus were in the age group 5 - 12 (Figure 2) months. 21 (52.5%) patients lived in rural area while 19 (47.5%) patients lived in urban area. The common symptom of rotavirus gastroenteritis was diarrhea in all study subjects. Severe dehydration was present only in 4 (10%). 35 (87.5) of study patients were discharged with no complications.

Conclusion and Recommendation: In this study, the prevalence rate was 27.8% this percentage may not reflect the true prevalence among Sudanese children in Gadarif state, so other surveillance study is recommended.

Keywords: Acute Gastroenteritis; Diarrhea; Rotavirus Infection; Gadarif; Sudan

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Citation: Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed., et al. “Prevalence of Rotavirus among Children with Acute Gastroenteritis in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan”. EC Paediatrics 11.9 (2022): 14-19.

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