Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 5 - 2021
Knowledge and Attitude of Doctors Working in Pediatric Department towards Covid-19: A Multicenter Survey from Lahore, Pakistan
Riffat Omer1*, Humayun Iqbal Khan1, Muhammed Khalid Masood1, Najaf Masood1, Fatima Tahira1 and Noor Humayun2
1Department of Pediatric Medicine, Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
2CMH Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Riffat Omer, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital, Cantt, Lahore, Pakistan.
Received: March 20, 2021; Published: April 14, 2021




Abstract

Background and Objective: The world has changed dramatically over the first three months of 2020. Children of all ages can get COVID-19, although they appear to be affected less commonly than adults. This study was conducted to assess knowledge and attitude of doctors working in pediatrics towards COVID-19.

Methods: This was an online self-administered and pretested questionnaire based survey of doctors working in pediatric departments of various public sector and private hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan from May 8, 2020 to May 20, 2020 to assess knowledge and attitude of the participant doctors. Calculated sample size was 278 however 284 respondents were included in final analysis. The questionnaire was circulated as “Google Form” with link distribution through WhatsApp. The data was analyzed on SPSS v.20. More than 70% correct responses by each participant on knowledge and attitude scores separately were considered adequate. Triage was done based on age range and level of experience of the respondents. Chi Square test was employed to check significant differences between the groups where a p value of < 0.05 was considered to be significant.

Results: The average age of the participants was 40.6 years (+12.4) with female to male ratio of 0.88:1. Generally, knowledge and attitude scores were adequate however the cohort was found to be lacking in the questions regarding hand hygiene, composition of sanitizers, breast feeding, vertical transmission and indications of N95 mask. The deficiency of knowledge and attitude did not seem to depend upon the level of experience or the gender of the participants.

Conclusion: Knowledge and attitude of doctors working in various pediatric departments regarding COVID-19 was adequate however evolution of educational strategies and campaigns at institutional and national level seem to be need of the hour.

Keywords: 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease; COVID19; COVID-19 Pandemic; Pediatrics

References

  1. WHO Timeline - COVID-19: World Health Organization (2020).
  2. Zhou P., et al. “A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin”. Nature 7798 (2020): 270-273.
  3. World Health Organization. Director-General's remarks at the media briefing on 2019-nCoV (2020).
  4. Richman DD., et al. “Clinical Virology, 4th edition. Washington: ASM Press (2016).
  5. Chan-Yeung M and Xu RH. “SARS: Epidemiology”. Respirology 8 (2003): S9-14.
  6. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: World Health Organization (2020).
  7. Zhu N., et al. “A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019”. The New England Journal of Medicine 8 (2020): 727-733.
  8. WHO Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): World Health Organization (2020).
  9. CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Coronavirus disease 2019 in children - United States, February 12-April 2, 2020”. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 14 (2020): 422-426.
  10. Lauer SA., et al. “The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application”. Annals of Internal Medicine 9 (2020): 577‐582.
  11. Li Q., et al. “Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia”. The New England Journal of Medicine 13 (2020): 1199-1207.
  12. Children and Coronavirus Disease 2018 (COVID-19): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020).
  13. Shen KL., et al. “Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in children: experts ’consensus statement”. World Journal of Pediatrics 7 (2020): 1-9.
  14. Shen KL., et al. “Expert consensus on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of new coronavirus infections in children (first edition)”. Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics2 (2020): 81-85.
  15. Chen H., et al. “Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records”. Lancet 10226 (2020): 809-815.
  16. Dong L., et al. “Possible Vertical Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 From an Infected Mother to Her Newborn”. The Journal of the American Medical Association 32318 (2020): 1846-1848.
  17. Zeng H., et al. “Antibodies in Infants Born to Mothers With COVID-19 Pneumonia”. The Journal of the American Medical Association 18 (2020): 1848-1849.
  18. Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection and pregnancy. RCOG (2020).
  19. Bahl P., et al. “Airborne or droplet precautions for health workers treating COVID-19?” The Journal of Infectious Diseases (2020).
  20. Show Me the Science – When and How to Use Hand Sanitizer in Community Settings. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010).
  21. Todd ECD., et al. “Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 10. Alcohol-based antiseptics for hand disinfection and a comparison of their effectiveness with soaps”. Journal of Food Protection 11 (2010): 2128-2140.
  22. An international randomised trial of candidate vaccines against COVID-19: World Health Organization (2020).
  23. Q and As on COVID-19 and related health topics: World Health Organization (2020).
  24. Huynh G., et al. “Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City”. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (2020).
  25. In-home media consumption due to the coronavirus outbreak among internet users worldwide as of March 2020, by country: Statista (2020).
  26. Rational use of personal protective equipment (‎PPE)‎ for coronavirus disease (‎COVID-19)‎: interim guidance, 19 March 2020: World Health Organization (2020).
Citation: Riffat Omer., et al. “Knowledge and Attitude of Doctors Working in Pediatric Department towards Covid-19: A MulticenterSurvey from Lahore, Pakistan”. EC Paediatrics 10.5 (2021): 01-08.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 24, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk