Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 2 - 2021
Assessment of Animal Source Food Intake among School Going Children
Marriam Ahmed1*, Faran Khan1, Saneela Saleem1 and Sheeza Imtiaz2
1Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan
2Lecturer of Food and Nutrition, Department of Health Sciences, University of South Asia, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Marriam Ahmed, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan.
Received: July 20, 2020; Published: Janauray 30, 2021




Abstract

Background: Malnutrition is a condition in which body does not get enough nutrients to function properly and is a major public health problem. According to National Nutrition Survey 2018 prevalence of stunting (40.2%), wasting (17.7%) and underweight is (28.9%). Because childhood is the rapid growth period of life, animal source food is of prime importance (i.e. meat and dairy) as they are the main source of protein and calcium which are important for the physical growth of children.

Methods: The population of this study includes 8 - 15 years of school going children. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed consisting questions regarding eating patterns of children and their anthropometric measurements (weight and height). Prior permission was taken from the school principal and parents of children. Sample size was 384.

Results: The data of 384 children were available for analysis. 34.6% were males while 65.4% females in the study. Results showed that 39.8% children were underweight, 43.6% were normal, 12.2% were overweight and 4.4% were obese. Majority of the school going children were not fulfilling their recommended energy intake. Average animal source protein intake was also less than the RDA. Average iron intake among school going children was less than the RDA especially in girls. 4 - 8 years of age group children were fulfilling their RDA of vitamin B12 (i.e., 1.2 µg), whereas, Vitamin B12 intake in 9 - 13 and 14 - 18 years of age group children were less than the recommendations.

Conclusion: It is concluded from our study that overall daily energy consumption and intake of animal source protein is very low in school going children which all together ultimately leads to nutritional deficiencies and poor physical growth and cognitive development.

Keywords: School Going Children; Animal Source Food; Malnutrition; Animal Source Protein; Growth and Development

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Citation: Marriam Ahmed., et al. “Assessment of Animal Source Food Intake among School Going Children”.EC Paediatrics 10.2 (2021): 05-11.

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