Review Article
Volume 9 Issue 8 - 2020
Nursing Approaches in Pediatric Epilepsy and Ketogenic Diet Treatment
Tansel Çalık1, Ünsal Yılmaz2 and Aycan Ünalp3*
1Ketogenic Diet Nurse, Heath Sciences University, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
22Associated Professor, Heath Sciences University, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Neurology, İzmir, Turkey
3Professor, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Heath Sciences University, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Aycan Ünalp, Professor, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Heath Sciences University, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.
Received: June 23, 2020; Published: July 17, 2020




Abstract

Epilepsy, which is one of the oldest neurological diseases known by mankind and still continues to occur frequently; It is a situation in which the wrong approach and behaviors can be done with panic, which is characterized by recurring seizures, which causes fear in the family and even health personnel. Same time; It is a disease that requires being prepared for physical changes, compliance with daily medication use, attention, recurrent doctor examinations and acute medical emergencies and increases the problems of patients by adversely affecting the quality of life. Research shows that families with children with epilepsy disease do not have enough information about the disease and its treatment.

Current research has led to a better understanding of the role of nurses in education of patients with epilepsy. These investigations and observations; From the diagnosis of the disease, acceptance, learning of drug use, continuous and regular use, and understanding of the factors that trigger seizures, it has shown that families need to learn everything from first intervention in seizures to nutrition and adaptation to the environment. For this reason, the treatment of epilepsy patients should be continued with a regularly established team. In addition, the follow-up of an experienced team of physicians, dieticians and nurses will enable the treatment safety and success of the ketogenic diet.

Establishing a good bond with the patient and the family increases the success of the ketogenic diet. It is necessary to establish good communication between patients, families and nurses in order to improve the quality of life and to solve psychosocial problems of children and families with epilepsy.

Keywords: Epilepsy; Childhood; Nursing Approaches; Ketogenic Diet

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Citation: Aycan Ünalp., et al. “Nursing Approaches in Pediatric Epilepsy and Ketogenic Diet Treatment”. EC Paediatrics 9.8 (2020): 110-115.

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