Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 6 - 2020
Prevalence of Congenital Central Nervous System Malformations in 2nd Trimester of Pregnancy in Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur on Gary Scale ultrasound.
Sadia Riaz1*, Mohammed Bilal2, Faroohi Saghir3 and Eesha Fatima4
1Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
2Medical Officer, Department of Radiology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
3Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
4House Officer, Department of Radiology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Sadia Riaz, Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
Received: April 13, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of congenital central nervous system (CNS) malformations in pregnant females coming to Radiology Department of Bahawal Victoria Hospital for antenatal ultrasonography in 2nd trimester.

Place and Duration: January 2017 to December 2017 in Radiology Department of Bahawal Victoria Hospital.

Study Design: Cross sectional study.

Materials and Methods: 215 pregnant ladies in 2nd trimester with fetuses having congenital central nervous system malformations on antenatal ultrasound were included in this study.

Results: Most common congenital CNS malformations with or without other associated defects were hydrocephalus (127 cases), Anencephaly (42) and myelomeningocele (30).

Conclusion: Hydrocephalus and anencephaly were the most prevalent CNS anomalies. Obstetric USG is cost effective and noninvasive investigation in detecting congenital anomalies.

Keywords: Congenital Anomalies; Central Nervous System; Trimester


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Citation: Sadia Riaz., et al. “Prevalence of Congenital Central Nervous System Malformations in 2nd Trimester of Pregnancy in Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur on Gary Scale ultrasound”. EC Paediatrics 9.6 (2020): 103-105.

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