Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 5 - 2020
Frequency of Diarrheal Attack and its Predictors among Infants and Young Children from Akaki Kality Sub-city: A Community Based Study
Agajie Likie Bogale1*, Jemal Haidar Ali2 and Solomon Hassen3
1Researcher and Quality Manager, Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), Ethiopia
2Public Health and Nutrition consultant, School of public health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
3Program coordinator, FMoH, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Agajie Likie Bogale, Researcher and Quality Manager, Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), Ethiopia.
Received: January 18, 2020; Published: April 29, 2020




Abstract

Background: The frequency of diarrhea is estimated to be around five times on average yearly and it is the second leading cause of child mortality in Ethiopia. The divergence in the attributes operating in the occurrence of diarrhea in the study setting is limited and thus we addressed this gap to generate evidence based intervention. This study aimed to estimate the frequency and predictors of diarrhea among infant and young children.

Method: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 caretakers', whose infant and young children had experienced diarrhea in Akaki sub city from February to March 2016. Relevant socio-demographic and other important health information were collected using a pre tested structured questionnaire through house to house interview. Data were entered using Epi Info Version 3.5.3 and exported to SPSS version 20 software for analysis. Logistic regression was applied to identify the determinants of diarrhea, and a p-value < 0.05 was considered a statistically significant.

Result: Overall, 333 (78.9%) infant and young children had one episode and the rest 89 (21.1%) had more than one episodes of diarrhea attack. The episode of diarrhea was significantly lower among those who used ventilated improved pit-latrine than pit-latrine with slab and pit-latrine with open slab (AOR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.02 - 4.74) and (AOR = 1.93; 95% CI = 1.05 - 3.57), respectively.

Conclusion: Three in four infants and young children had one episode of diarrheal attack which is unacceptably high. Although not significantly, focused actions targeting the young age of children shorten the distance to fetch water, access to pit-latrine toilet facility and improved fecal disposal system are needed to lower the incidence of the problem.

Keyword: Diarrhea; Children Below Five Years; Ethiopia

References

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Citation: Agajie Likie Bogale., et al. “Frequency of Diarrheal Attack and its Predictors among Infants and Young Children from Akaki Kality Sub-city: A Community Based Study”. EC Paediatrics 9.5 (2020): 01-09.

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