Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Relationship of Somatotypes with Pain Intensity and Threshold Level of Patients with Non-Specific Low-Back Pain
Taofik Oluwasegun Afolabi1*, Aanuoluwapo Deborah Afolabi1, Adesola Ojo Ojoawo2 and Chidozie Amy Ibemere1
1Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Medical Sciences, Nigeria
2Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Taofik Oluwasegun Afolabi, Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Medical Sciences, Nigeria.
Received: February 17, 2022; Published: March 25, 2022


Objective: This study assessed the relationship of pain intensity and threshold level with the somatotypes of patients with nonspecific Low-Back pain.

Method: Thirty-five (males: n = 13, females: n = 22) consented participants who were purposively recruited participated in this observational study. The participant were allocated into groups following stratification into somatotypes using Health- Cater somatotyping method. The Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale was used to assess each patient’s pain intensity. Digital pressure was applied to the symptomatic vertebrae according to standard procedure at once and at first contact. Pain threshold level of each participant was assessed using the pain pressure threshold scale during the application of digital pressure. Data were collected and analyzed.

Result: The stratification into somatotypes showed that 43.6% of participants were endomorphs (n = 17), 30.8% were ectomorphs (n = 12) and 25.6% are mesomorphs (n = 10). The mean age of the participants was 44 ± 12.90 years, the mean weight was 67 ± 12.31 kg and the mean BMI was 26 ± 2.80. Within group comparison of the effect of digital pressure on the somatotypes showed that there was no significant differences of pain pressure threshold level (PPT) across the somatotypes (F = 1.71, P = 0.2), but there was significant differences in pain intensity across the somatotypes (F = 3.17, P = 0.05), and post hoc analysis showed ectomorph pain intensity to be higher than other body types. Moreover, there was no significant relationship of the variables to the somatotypes (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: This study showed that majority of the participants were endomorph. There is no significant difference in pressure pain threshold of the somatotypes, However, ectomorphic group had higher pain intensity level than other somatotype.


Keywords: Somatotypes; Pain Intensity; Pain Threshold; Low-Back-Pain


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Citation: Taofik Oluwasegun Afolabi., et al. “Relationship of Somatotypes with Pain Intensity and Threshold Level of Patients with Non-Specific Low-Back Pain”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022): 114-122.

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