Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Necrotizing Fasciitis: An Orthopedic Perspective Diagnosis and Management Study
Mohammed Abdullah Alshahrani1*, Ali Abdullah Alshehri2 and Mubasher Maqboul3
1Orthopedic Senior Resident (AFHSR), Khamis Mushait, KSA
2Orthopedic Junior Resident (AFHSR), Khamis Mushait, KSA
3Consultant Orthopedic and Arthroplasty Surgeon, Program Director of Orthopedic Surgery in King Fahad Military Hospital (AFHSR), Khamis Mushait, KSA
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Abdullah Alshahrani, Orthopedic Senior Resident, Armed Force Hospital of Southern Region (AFHSR), Khamis Mushait, KSA.
Received: December 16, 2021; Published: March 21, 2022




Abstract

Background: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is described as an uncommon life-threatening condition characterized by progressive necrosis of subcutaneous tissue and deep fascia planes leading to death if not recognized early and debrided. The main dilemma in the management of Necrotizing fasciitis is its early diagnosis to allow appropriate management.

Objective: The objective of this retrospective study was to show results of early diagnosis and debridement of Necrotizing fasciitis and determine mortality outcomes.

Methods: Patients with diagnosis of NF in our institution from November 2015 to November 2019 were reviewed retrospective for their clinical presentation, laboratory, risk Indicator of Necrotizing fasciitis leads Score (LRINEC), debridement and mortality.

Results: 25 patients with diagnosis of NF, 17 idiopathic (68%), 5 perirectal abscess (20%) and 3 subcutaneous injection of spinal anesthesia in lumbar region (12%).

Common comorbidity were diabetes mellitus (75%), chronic renal disease (66%), peripheral vascular disease (31%).

Clinical presentation pain out of proportion (71%), Erythema (87%), Fever < 38c (82%), skin necrosis bulle (77%).

LRINEC score was < 8 in 19 patients (76%). The infecting organisms were polymicrobial (69%) while (31%) were mono microbial. Average time to operative debridement is 15 hours range (10 - 72) with 4.7 debridement per patient (range 3 - 7). Overall Mortality is 2 patients (8%).

Conclusion: Early diagnosis and debridement leads to reduced mortality in necrotizing fasciitis.

 

Keywords: LRINEC Score; Necrotizing Fasciitis; Mortality Rate; Risk Factors

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Citation: Mohammed Abdullah Alshahrani., et al. “Necrotizing Fasciitis: An Orthopedic Perspective Diagnosis and Management Study”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022): 95-102.

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