Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Relationship among Self Efficacy, Physical Activity and Beliefs in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis
Ojoawo Adesola Ojo* and Oduniyi Segun Collins
Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ojoawo Adesola Ojo, Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
Received: January 25, 2022; Published: March 21, 2021


The study evaluated the physical activity level the beliefs, self-efficacy and assessed the relationship among those variables in patients with knee osteoarthritis. A total of 70 knee osteoarthritis patients were purposefully recruited for the study. Each patient completed four different questionnaires: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAC), General Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (GSE), Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSE) and the Knee Osteoarthritis Fear and Belief Questionnaire (KOFBeQ). Socio-demographic information of the respondents was also collected. The subjects’ scores in each of the completed copies of the questionnaire were interpreted to their appropriate values based on the scoring formats of the questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Alpha level was set at < 0.05.

The mean general self-efficacy, fear avoidance and beliefs were 27.09 ± 3.16, 28.89 ± 11.07 and the 60.13 ± 14.32 respectively. Results showed a significant inverse relationship between physical activity and pain self-efficacy among respondents (r = -0.282, p = 0.018) and a significant relationship between general self-efficacy and belief among respondents (r = 0.327, p = 0.006).

In conclusion majority of the respondents had a high general self-efficacy. There was a significant but inverse relationship between self-efficacy and each of pain self-efficacy and belief among patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Keywords: Pain Intensity; Fear Avoidance; Attitudes; Self-Esteem


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Citation: : Ojoawo Adesola Ojo and Oduniyi Segun Collins. “Relationship among Self Efficacy, Physical Activity and Beliefs in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022): 67-75.

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