Literature Review
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Vitamin D Deficiency and Hip Fractures: 2020-2022
Ray Marks*
Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, United States
*Corresponding Author: Marks Ray, Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, United States.
Received: February 28, 2022; Published: March 16, 2022




Abstract

Introduction: Hip fractures remain highly prevalent oftentimes life-threatening events among older populations, despite years of multiple related preventive endeavors.

Objectives: This mini-review strove to examine whether: 1) A vitamin D deficiency is an important hip fracture determinant in the older adult population, and 2) whether more consideration of this vitamin is warranted clinically.

Methods: Relevant current data concerning this topic were sought from three well-established preselected electronic data bases housing current English language research or analytic reports pertaining to the examination of the possible association of the presence of a vitamin D deficiency among older hip fracture surgical patients and its probable clinical implications. Reviewed specifically were representative recent studies and reviews published between January 1, 2020 - February 28, 2022 (post COVID-19 period), including their findings and key conclusions.

Results: Most current articles tend to support an association between low vitamin D levels and the presence of an injury induced hip fracture in a high percentage of older affected adults. As well, those who perform more poorly post-hip fracture surgery appear to often suffer from a lower than desirable vitamin D serum level. Having a COVID-19 diagnosis, an independent hip fracture correlate, may implicate a vitamin D deficiency.

Conclusion: More intense and thoughtfully designed research that evolves from the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and post-pandemic periods may reveal the multiple ways vitamin D can mediate hip fracture occurrences and recovery, while helping to advance more successful much needed evidence based preventive practices to offset the persistent and forthcoming predicted global age-associated hip fracture burden and its immense projected associated human and social costs.

 

Keywords: Bone; Fractures; Hip Fractures; Intervention; Prevention, Supplementation, Vitamin D Deficiency

References

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Citation: Ray Marks. “Vitamin D Deficiency and Hip Fractures: 2020-2022”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022) 57-66.

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