Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Analysing Foot Strikes in Different Running Related Movements in Performance Optimisation in a Handy and Less Expensive Way
Chattopadhyay M1 and Sunil G Purohit2*
1Research Scholar, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding Author: Sunil G Purohit, Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India.
Received: January 31, 2022; Published: March 10, 2021




Abstract

The objective of this study was the optimisation of speed performance by lowering fatigue index with the determination of suitable foot strike patterns. The effect of foot-strike patterns on the running economy is evaluated as highly prevalent in recent studies on runners, but no study has reported its effect on multi-sprint sports. Three-dimensional motion analysis laboratories need high-cost instrumentation and programs whereas, two-dimensional low-cost technologies like Kinovea are valid, reliable and handy. Twentysix male athletes of multi-sprint sports between the age group of 18 - 25 years took part in the study. Running-based anaerobic sprint test (RAST) was performed by the participants. To determine the foot strike patterns, a camera was fixed in the sagittal plane during RAST and Kinovea was used for analysis. The study has shown that most participants (50%) followed the rear-foot strike (RFS) pattern during RAST. Significant differences in maximum and average power output in RAST were found among the fore-foot strike (FFS) and mid-foot strike (MFS) runners with the RFS runners in Mann - Whitney test (p < 0.05). In the continual six sprints of the RAST, the consistency of power outputs was FFS < MFS < RFS. Significant differences were found in fatigue index (FI) and anaerobic capacity (AC) of the MFS and FFS with RFS participants in Kruskal-Wallis test among the FFS, MFS and RFS participants (p < 0.05). This study has observed a significantly low fatigue rate among RFS compared to FFS. However, further studies are required to optimise sprinting in multi-sprint sports on different shod and surface conditions, along with more match specific conditions. Due to 2D and less expensive, handy analysis technique the study can be improved in a more match-realistic condition.

Keywords: Running-Based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST); Rear-Foot Strike (RFS); Fore-Foot Strike (FFS); Mid-Foot Strike (MFS)

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Citation: : Chattopadhyay M and Sunil G Purohit. “Analysing Foot Strikes in Different Running Related Movements in Performance Optimisation in a Handy and Less Expensive Way”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022): 26-32.

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