Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 4 - 2022
Analysing Foot Strikes in Different Running Related Movements in Performance Optimisation in a Handy and Less Expensive Way
Chattopadhyay M1 and Sunil G Purohit2*
1Research Scholar, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding Author: Sunil G Purohit, Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Bioscience, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India.
Received: January 31, 2022; Published: March 10, 2021


The objective of this study was the optimisation of speed performance by lowering fatigue index with the determination of suitable foot strike patterns. The effect of foot-strike patterns on the running economy is evaluated as highly prevalent in recent studies on runners, but no study has reported its effect on multi-sprint sports. Three-dimensional motion analysis laboratories need high-cost instrumentation and programs whereas, two-dimensional low-cost technologies like Kinovea are valid, reliable and handy. Twentysix male athletes of multi-sprint sports between the age group of 18 - 25 years took part in the study. Running-based anaerobic sprint test (RAST) was performed by the participants. To determine the foot strike patterns, a camera was fixed in the sagittal plane during RAST and Kinovea was used for analysis. The study has shown that most participants (50%) followed the rear-foot strike (RFS) pattern during RAST. Significant differences in maximum and average power output in RAST were found among the fore-foot strike (FFS) and mid-foot strike (MFS) runners with the RFS runners in Mann - Whitney test (p < 0.05). In the continual six sprints of the RAST, the consistency of power outputs was FFS < MFS < RFS. Significant differences were found in fatigue index (FI) and anaerobic capacity (AC) of the MFS and FFS with RFS participants in Kruskal-Wallis test among the FFS, MFS and RFS participants (p < 0.05). This study has observed a significantly low fatigue rate among RFS compared to FFS. However, further studies are required to optimise sprinting in multi-sprint sports on different shod and surface conditions, along with more match specific conditions. Due to 2D and less expensive, handy analysis technique the study can be improved in a more match-realistic condition.

Keywords: Running-Based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST); Rear-Foot Strike (RFS); Fore-Foot Strike (FFS); Mid-Foot Strike (MFS)


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Citation: : Chattopadhyay M and Sunil G Purohit. “Analysing Foot Strikes in Different Running Related Movements in Performance Optimisation in a Handy and Less Expensive Way”. EC Orthopaedics 13.4 (2022): 26-32.

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