Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 1 - 2022
Basic Principles of Morphometrics and Functional Foot Motion
Michael Durrant*
Borrego Community Health Foundation, Borrego Springs, CA, USA
*Corresponding Author: Michael Durrant, Borrego Community Health Foundation, Borrego Springs, CA, USA.
Received: December 02, 2021; Published: December 30, 2021


Introduction: Significant obstacles remain before an understanding of normal functional foot and ankle motion is achieved. Although the remaining challenges are formidable, they are not insurmountable. A systematic approach to functional morphology research should help.

Background: Despite an arsenal of investigative tools that have been developed and implemented, much of it has not been organized so that it can be translated into favorable clinical outcomes which will continue to adversely impact reconstructive procedures. Understanding the more detailed abstruse motions of each bone and their articulating counterparts is a requirement.

Methods: A series of principles most likely to facilitate a basic understanding of morphometrics and functional motion was complied. The list was not comprehensive but focused solely on its applicability and advancement of ideas pertinent to the foot and ankle. It was not designed as original research or a review but as a guide for anyone interested in morphology and functional motion of the foot and ankle. Comparative anatomy, physical examination of in vitro skeletal specimens, photography, computed tomography, methods of morphometric selection, 3-axis coordinate systems and centers of rotation, the concept of polyaxial planes of motion, the benefits of initially developing prototype models to simplify kinematic and kinetic studies, and the importance of differentiating normal morphology from variables and those that cause deformities was examined.

Results: The basic concepts proposed support specific methods of examination and establishing 3-axis coordinates and center of rotation in every bone, accomplished with an emphasis on asymmetrical morphometric selection. Axes are always positioned distal, in the bone just proximal to the one under consideration. The effects of polyaxial motion on individual bones and joints is shown to be applicable to morphometrics. Select morphometrics are shown to be responsive to extrinsic and intrinsic forces, and it is demonstrated that prototype kinematic modeling can be reliable enough to be implemented in clinical settings.

Conclusion: Our proposed principles do not support an expansion of the currently available tools but rather encourages that we focus on traditional investigative methods, current technology, and collaboration when researching functional motion and morphometrics of the foot and ankle.

Keywords: Morphometrics; Functional Foot Motion


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Citation: : Michael Durrant. “Basic Principles of Morphometrics and Functional Foot Motion”. EC Orthopaedics 13.1 (2022): 10-15.

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