Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 12 - 2021
The Effect of Covid-19 Phase Modifications on Venipuncture OSCEs
Mark Murdock*
Palmer College of Chiropractic Florida, Port Orange, FL, USA
*Corresponding Author: Mark Murdock RN, DC, Palmer College of Chiropractic Florida, Port Orange, FL, USA.
Received: October 14, 2021; Published: November 26, 2021


Introduction: The primary aim of this retrospective study was to determine if there was a statistical difference in the venipuncture (VP) OSCE grades with pedagogical design variants used during three Covid-19 phases in 2020 and the effect sizes of any significant differences.

Methods: The design variant categories in the phases were as follows (regarding teaching method, OSCE specific video accessibility and testing method): 0 (in-class, no, in-class), 1 (on-line, yes, online video assignment), 2 (hybrid, yes, in-class). The author performed retrospective analysis of VP OSCE grades by Covid-19 Phase using ANOVA and Friedman’s Test.

Results: Statistical differences were found between Covid-19 phases with respect to VP OSCE grades (p < 2.1e-16). Familywise comparisons revealed significant score increases as follows: 15.5 from phase 0 to 1 and 4.7 from phase 0 to 2.

Discussion: ANOVA and Friedman Rank Sum Test revealed a significant difference between the VP OSCE scores between phases. Difficulties and limitations discussed with particular focus on Phase 1 and possible grade inflation.

Conclusion: This study supported a difference between different teaching and testing methods during Covid-19 phases for VP OSCE grades. These conclusions must be balanced with limitations. Further studies should provide prospective determination of affects or interactions especially with program GPA.

Keywords: Chiropractic; Venipuncture; Coronavirus; Education; Procedure; Areas of Difficulty


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Citation: Mark Murdock. “The Effect of Covid-19 Phase Modifications on Venipuncture OSCEs”. EC Orthopaedics 12.12 (2021): 22-32.

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